5) Lincoln, Neb
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 4.84 (32nd lowest)
Poverty rate: 17.3% (28th lowest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 92.9% (6th highest)
Credit rating: Aaa (stable outlook)
Lincoln, Neb., is one of only two state capitals to make our best-run cities list. It also has a much lower median household income compared to the very high incomes of most of the best-run cities on our list. Lincoln’s income is just $47,526, ranking only 35th among the 100 largest cities in the country. Despite the less affluent tax base, however, Lincoln’s economy is healthy. The city had an average unemployment rate of just 3.73% over the past 12 months, the lowest among the 100 cities considered, as well as the fourth-lowest vacancy rate. Mayor Chris Beutler explained to 24/7 Wall St., “Over the past five years, we’ve incorporated citizen input into a multifaceted outcome-based budget process where we ask residents what their priorities are and what they want their city to be. It’s been very well received and has helped build a culture of citizen ownership and involvement that has guided our decision making and solidified citizen support.” Moody’s has awarded an Aaa rating to the city’s debt, explaining: “The city’s financial position will remain sound given management’s conservative budgeting practices, ample revenue-raising flexibility and alternate liquidity provided in the Special Revenue fund.”
4) Fremont, Calif.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 2.37 (11th lowest)
Poverty rate: 6.6% (the lowest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 90.2% (15th highest)
Credit rating: not rated
For a large city to have weathered the worst of the recession is impressive. To do it in the particularly hard-hit state of California is especially notable. Like most of the state, homevalues dropped nearly 15% between 2007 and 2010. Nevertheless, the city has a vacancy rate of just 5.6%, good enough to make the top five among large cities. Fremont also has a poverty rate of just 6.6%, the lowest in the country, and a violent crime rate of just 2.37 per 1,000 people.
3) Madison, Wis.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 3.92 (21st lowest)
Poverty rate: 18.7% (40th lowest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 95.1% (3rd highest)
Credit rating: Aaa (stable outlook)
Madison, the other capital city on our list, was incorporated in the mid 1800s, and exists today as one of the most well-run cities in the Midwest. Madison is not a particularly wealthy city, with a median household income of just over $50,000. Nevertheless, the capital has a perfect Aaa (stable) credit rating, as well as extremely low unemployment and home vacancy rates. According to Madison city administrative analyst Tim Fruit, “Over the past few years, we have really made a significant effort toward more carefully planning our six-year capital improvement program. In the past, the out years were not well scrutinized. Now, we try to analyze and balance the out years much more carefully.”
2) Irvine, Calif.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 0.55 (5th lowest)
Poverty rate: 12.3% (9th lowest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 95.7% (2nd highest)
Credit rating: not rated
Irvine has a violent crime rate of just 0.55 per 1,000 people, the fifth lowest among the major cities on our list. The city is also among the best 10 for home vacancy, unemployment, median income and high school graduation rates. In 2008, CNN Money rated it the fourth-best place to live in the U.S. According to Craig Reem, director of public affairs and communications, “We are seeing a gradual improvement in our local economy that allows us to move from recession ready, to recovery ready. The City Council plans conservatively: This past fiscal year (2010-2011), we outperformed our budget expectations by nearly $14 million.”
1) Virginia Beach, Va.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 1.88 (8th lowest)
Poverty rate: 7.5% (3rd lowest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 93.1% (5th highest)
Credit rating: Aaa (negative outlook)
Virginia Beach is, by our measurement, the best-run city in the U.S. Located on the eastern shore of Virginia, the city is one of the most prosperous in the country. Out of the 100 largest cities, it has among the 10 lowest violent crime, unemployment, and poverty rates, as well as among the 10 best for median income, high school graduation and health insurance coverage. Moody’s listed Virginia Beach’s three main strengths as a “large and diverse tax base stabilized by the presence of military bases,” the city’s “strong and carefully managed financial position,” and “comprehensive financial policies and conservative budgeting approach.” The city’s credit rating is a perfect Aaa.
5) Cleveland, Ohio
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 12.97 (8th highest)
Poverty rate: 34.0% (3rd highest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 77.7% (19th lowest)
Credit rating: A1 (stable outlook)
Cleveland has grown exceptionally poor since its days as a major manufacturing center. Census data from 2010 show that one out of every three Cleveland residents lives in poverty, placing the city among the poorest large American cities. Cleveland also has the second-lowest median household income, at just $25,977, as well as a particularly high rate of violent crime. In addition, Cleveland is the county seat of Cuyahoga County, which is in the midst of a tremendous corruption scandal, centered around County Commissioner Jimmy Dimora.
4) San Bernardino, Calif.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 8.15 (31st highest)
Poverty rate: 34.6% (2nd highest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 64.1% (2nd lowest)
Credit rating: not rated
San Bernardino is the third city from California to make our top worst-run cities list. Its economy has arguably been hit harder by the subprime mortgage crisis than any other major U.S. city. Between 2007 and 2010, median home value dropped 55%, from $327,000 to just $147,200. Along with the massive loss in home values, unemployment rates have skyrocketed to the third-highest in the country among the largest cities. The city also has a poverty rate of nearly 35%. Just 64.1% of adults have a high school diploma.
3) Newark, N.J.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 10.29 (21st highest)
Poverty rate: 30.2% (10th highest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 69.2% (6th lowest)
Credit rating: A3 (negative outlook)
Newark has a very high rate of poverty, reaching 30.2% in 2010. Its median household income is $32,043 — the ninth lowest among the 100 largest cities. Less than 70% of the adult population has a high school diploma or more — the sixth lowest rate. Meanwhile, Newark’s violent crime rate has been increasing. In late November 2010, the city laid off nearly15% of its police force. By May 2011, the annual murder rate had increased a stunning 65%. Robberies, burglaries and thefts increased as well.
2) Detroit, Mich.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 18.87 (the highest)
Poverty rate: 37.6% (the highest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 77.4% (18th lowest)
Credit rating: Ba3 (on review)
Despite being more notorious for its troubles than any other major U.S. city, Detroit managed to avoid the title of worst-run city in the country. The city has been in a tough spot for decades, but continued problems with corruption and poor management have not helped matters. Detroit already sports the worst credit rating awarded by Moody’s and is the only one of the 100 largest cities in the U.S. to have a rating below investment grade. Worse still, the rating agency is currently reviewing the Ba3 rating — which already had a negative outlook — after the state of Michigan announced it was evaluating whether the city’s troubles constituted an economic crisis. Of the 100 largest cities, Detroit has the highest home vacancy rate, the highest unemployment rate, the highest poverty rate, the worst violent crime rate and the lowest median household income.
1) Miami, Fla.
Violent crime per 1,000 people: 11.08 (13th highest)
Poverty rate: 32.4% (5th highest)
Adult population graduated from high school: 68.2% (4th lowest)
Credit rating: A2 (stable outlook)
According to a 2011 UBS study, Miami is the richest city in the country and the fourth richest city in the world by domestic purchasing power. However, a 2011study by the Census Bureau found the Miami metropolitan area also had the second-highest income inequality rate in the nation — probably due to the incredibly high percentage of households living below the poverty line. Despite the city’s wealth, Miami’s median household income of $27,291 is the third smallest among the 100 biggest cities. Its poverty rate of 32.4% is the fifth highest. The city faces a handful of other problems. Only 68.2% of adults have a high school diploma or more — the fourth lowest rate. Also, 22.5% of housing units are vacant, which is the fifth highest percentage. A 2011 Brookings Institute report put Miami among the 20 weakest-performing metropolitan statistical areas in the country with regards to recovering from the recession, due in large part to the crash of its housing market.