Bitcoin in some senses is a financial island, operating at a safe distance from the traditional banking system.
Bitcoins operate on a network that somewhat resembles a typical exchange on the capital markets. As CNBC reports, buyers can exchange national currencies for bitcoins and use them wherever they are accepted, and sellers can exchange bitcoins for traditional national currencies.
As the financial crisis has deepened in Cyprus, and holders of euros and Russian rubles become increasingly anxious, the value of the bitcoin has surged. As ABC News reports, the exchange rate for 1 bitcoin has soared to nearly $80 from $40 just two weeks ago.
As DailyFinance reported last year, bitcoin in some senses is a financial island, operating at a safe distance from the traditional banking system. It's neither controlled by central banks nor governments, and thus not vulnerable to larger-scale shifts like changing interest rates, nor the rampant inflation of countries in decline.
It's that isolation from geopolitical turmoil that has been its true selling point for people in Europe.
How does it work? As Motley Fool reports, instead of relying on a central bank or other regulatory body, bitcoin transactions are verified through peer-to-peer interactions. If a user sends bitcoins to another user's "wallet" file, that transaction is verified through other users, and is written into a collective transaction log. Transactions are easy, and fees for transfers are minimal.
As with any currency, however, there are risks, including volatile swings in the value of bitcoin, which makes it difficult for businesses to accept them with any degree of confidence.
Currency analysts, however, are at least willing to give bitcoin the benefit of the doubt as a legitimate trading vehicle as situations like Cyprus continue to crop up.
As Christopher Vecchio, currency analyst at DailyFX, told CNBC. "Right now, it seems safe, [though] it wouldn't be my preferred vehicle to trade money because it's unregulated."