During the past four years the stock market has posted some of the most impressive gains in history as it has bounced back from the huge losses sustained during the financial crisis. Over that time period, the Dow Jones Industrials (^DJI) has soared to new all-time record highs, with gains of 120 percent.
But even with the market at historic highs, some stocks have posted substantial losses during the four-year bull market. Here are 10.
(SPLS), down 2.4 percent
Big-box office supply store Staples has fallen prey to the same trends that have hit other big retailers: Internet competition makes it harder for companies to justify big investments in store locations. Recent mergers in the office-supply space could help Staples in the short-term, but it'll have to boost its own online selling to keep up with competitors in the long run.
(DF), down 7.3 percent
The agricultural sector has done well lately, but high crop prices mean expensive feed costs for dairy-producer Dean Foods. Moreover, with milk demand having steadily fallen over the past several decades, Dean faces demographic challenges in a declining industry, threatening its future growth prospects.
(PBCT), down 7.5 percent
This Connecticut-based savings and loan makes the list largely because of a delayed reaction to the financial crisis. Unlike big banks, People's United made it through the initial phase of the financial crisis intact. But in 2010 and 2011 it finally gave in to pressure that broadly hit the regional banking sector. The stock has rebounded lately but has a long way to go to get back to its former heights.
(BBY), down 10 percent
The big-box electronic retailer's woes are well-known, as the company has seen its massive stores become merely showrooms for shoppers to see products up close and in person before buying them more cheaply online. Recent discussions of a possible buyout have lifted shares, but investors are still sitting on long-term losses as Best Buy keeps struggling to find a path to stronger growth.
(EXC), down 10.2 percent
Electric utility Exelon is the biggest producer of nuclear power in the U.S., which traditionally gave it lower costs compared to more expensive fossil-fuel-burning rivals. But with natural gas prices having fallen so far, Exelon no longer has that competitive advantage. That has squeezed margins which forced the company to cut its dividend, leading many investors to flee the stock.
(HPQ), down 10.8 percent
Hewlett-Packard has suffered from declines in the PC industry, but a string of leadership changes also hampered the company from coming up with a consistent strategy for growth in the rapidly changing tech industry. Current CEO Meg Whitman has worked hard to reverse her predecessor's miscues. But despite some promising signs recently, the progress has been slower than most investors would like.
(SAI), down 24.1 percent
Defense-contractor SAIC has had to deal with the threat of budget cuts for years. Yet with its intelligence and technology systems, including cybersecurity-related products, SAIC would seem to have a cutting-edge advantage over more traditional military contractors. Still, with bigger competitors muscling in on SAIC's turf, SAIC now hopes that plans to split itself into two separate public companies will help it perform better than it has in recent years.
(PCS), down 29.5 percent
The revolution in smartphones and mobile technology has created many winners in the telecom space, but MetroPCS has largely missed out on the boom. With a substantial presence in low-cost prepaid phones, MetroPCS hasn't gotten to enjoy the popular releases that bigger rivals have used to power their profits. Even a possible merger with T-Mobile may not be enough to let MetroPCS assume a leadership role in the industry.
(APOL), down 74.4 percent
For-profit education companies have been under intense scrutiny from regulators who are concerned about the high loan-default rates for their students. With the potential for restrictions that would stop the flow of federal student-loan money into the industry, Apollo and many of its smaller peers have seen huge share-price declines, with negative publicity helping push enrollment figures down as well.
(FSLR), down 74.7 percent
The solar industry has seen a sea change lately, as governments around the world have cut back on heavy subsidies and forced companies to survive on their own to a much greater extent. First Solar's low-cost advantages have actually give it an edge on some harder-hit rivals, but the company needs to boost the efficiency of its products in order to compete better in the cutthroat market.
Motley Fool contributor Dan Caplinger has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Exelon and owns shares of Dean Foods Company and Staples. You can try any of our newsletter services free for 30 days.