These days, for a variety of reasons, more people are choosing to freelance full-time or to bring in income on the side. How many is a bit of a mystery. Freelancers Union counts 42 million independent workers in the U.S., while Businessweek reports 10 million Americans work as freelancers. I joined the ranks of self-employed a little over two years ago to help my wife run the business she had started several years earlier.
Be Prepared for the Money to Come to a Halt
The one thing you can bank on in self-employment is that your business will come to a standstill at some point. That was the situation shortly after I left my corporate role. Prospects seemed great, but nothing was coming in. While you can use times like these to market yourself, thought blogging (if you're a writer or in another creative field) or networking, for example, these activities don't address your immediate financial needs.
Speaking from experience, I can say that the key to handling your own personal financial downturn is this: Don't panic, but do go into financial lockdown mode. Avoid rash behavior and unnecessary spending, and find any reasonable ways to bring in some supplemental income. If you don't already use a budget, this is the time to craft one.
Budgeting and Goals
Among the excuses I've often heard people use for for not sticking to a budget is that they don't earn enough, or that they have a fluctuating income. But those excuses only highlight the common misconceptions about living on a budget. If you're a freelancer and depend on that income to make ends meet, then there is no time like the present to get a clear handle on your money situation.
Starting a budget from scratch when you have a fluctuating income presents a special challenge. However, budgeting as an entrepreneur can be done and done well. My wife and I had a budget during my days of corporate employment, but the decline in our household income forced us to look at further ways to cut the fat. This resulted in a "minimum-needs" budget.
A minimum-needs budget allows you to pay all your bills, closely monitor all non-mandatory spending, and also hit your savings goals –- albeit at lower levels. The key is to quantify each lower level goal. For example, saving for retirement while living on a fluctuating income is certainly possible –- you just have to work harder at it.
How to Handle the Surges
Just as any entrepreneur will tell you there are going to be lean times, there are also going to be good times that will tempt you to overspend. Avoid that temptation as much as possible.
Instead, apply your surging income to the goals you have set in your minimum-needs budget. Personally speaking, we use our surges to max out our retirement planning goals, but you can do such things as:
- Top off your emergency fund (three to six months of living expenses).
- Pay extra toward debt.
- Put more toward saving for college if you have children.
John Schmoll is the founder of Frugal Rules, a finance blog that regularly discusses investing, budgeting, and frugal living. He is a father, husband, and veteran of the financial services industry who's passionate about helping people find freedom through frugality. He also writes about wise ways to manage your money at WiseDollar.org.