1 Billionaire Tells Us Why He Owns Nearly 10% of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

One more noted activist investor has finally announced why he owns nearly 10% of the common stock of both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac , the two government-sponsored entities at the heart of the mortgage finance market.

Source: Insider Monkey.

The decision
In November, Pershing Square Capital Management disclosed it has a 9.98% stake in Fannie Mae and a 9.77% position in Freddie Mac. The fund is headlined by activist investor Bill Ackman, who is recently known for his conflict with other activist investor Carl Icahn over the direction of nutrition company Herbalife -- Icahn famously disputed Ackman's decision to short the company -- and his major position in J.C. Penney, on which he lost an estimated $400 million. 

Yet those recent losses have not deterred Ackman from taking major positions in the two companies that have seen their stock prices go on a remarkable run over the last year, and he recently outlined his thesis in the investments worth roughly $650 million, with his 63.5 million shares in Freddie Mac and 116 million shares in Fannie Mae. 

The reason
At a recent closed-door presentation at Entrust Capital in New York City, Ackman gave his reasons for the investment. The Wall Street Journal reports its sources noted Ackman "is convinced shareholders will win their lawsuits against the U.S. government that challenged the Treasury Department's bailout agreement with the two companies," which he believes would be the impetus needed to push the prices of the company even higher.

Source: Future Atlas on Flickr.

Although he acknowledged the recent proposals from Congress and the president -- both the Corker-Warner bill and the recent news from the Senate Banking Committees seeking to bring "housing finance reform" -- Ackman said he believed the Supreme Court would side with the common shareholders of Fannie and Freddie, and he believed they "would escape liquidation and instead be revamped, perhaps with increased capital requirements and other protections."

All of this information combined has led Ackman to propose that there is a 1,000% to 1,500% upside possibility to the common shares of Fannie and Freddie, which could be realized in the coming years.

The questions
In its latest annual report, Fannie Mae acknowledges the 115,569,796 shares held by Pershing Square Capital Management, representing a 9.98% stake in the company. Yet directly above Fannie Mae's acknowledgment of the Pershing Square position in the 10-K is the notice of the "variable" position held by the U.S. Treasury, which represents a staggering 79.9% stake.

Source: woodleywonderworks on Flickr.

In September 2008, Fannie Mae issued a warrant to the Treasury that gives it the option to purchase an amount equivalent to nearly 80% of the common shares outstanding for just one-thousandth of a cent per share, or $0.00001. The warrant can be exercised at any time between now and Sept. 7, 2028, and as Fannie Mae notes, the "exercise of the Treasury warrant would substantially dilute investment of current shareholders."

While much has been made of the $1.3 billion position in Fannie and Freddie held by investor Bruce Berkowitz, the critical distinction is that Fairholme Funds has more than 90% of its investment in the preferred shares instead of the common shares. And while Fairholme and Berkowitz have proposed to restructure Fannie and Freddie, those who hold the preferred shares would be the clear benefactors.

The bottom line
Although Fannie Mae reported $84 billion in net income last year -- as a result of the way it is managed -- it too reported a loss attributable to common shareholders of $1.5 billion. The company notes plainly as a result of its conservatorship, it is "no longer managed with a strategy to maximize shareholder returns," and while there may be an upside of 10 to 15 times as Ackman suggests, it is also critical to see the substantial downside risk that exists as well.

The stock poised for great things
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac had an incredible runs in 2013, but there is no guarantee that will continue in 2014. But everyone knows there's a huge difference between a good stock and a stock that can make you rich. Thankfully, there's good news. The Motley Fool's chief investment officer has selected his No. 1 stock for 2014, and it's one of those stocks that could make you rich. You can find out which stock it is in the special free report "The Motley Fool's Top Stock for 2014." Just click here to access the report and find out the name of this under-the-radar company.

The article 1 Billionaire Tells Us Why He Owns Nearly 10% of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac originally appeared on Fool.com.

Patrick Morris has no position in any stocks mentioned, and neither does The Motley Fool. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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When moody and poors start dancing in the streets about the good times ahead for housing I start looking for a exit fast. Something up that the fat cats don't want you to know about! And most of the time it's over before you get a chance to do anything about it.

June 04 2014 at 4:26 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Well the bond market is dead and without the bond market, you don't have Freddie or Fannie these two stocks are about to go south fast, so hang on. This is going to be one rough ride down hill.

May 15 2014 at 2:58 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Ol come on now you can do better than 10% is that all the money you have? If you buy both companies just think what you will have.

April 18 2014 at 8:48 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

There is know one to buy the mortgage bonds now from Fannie & Freddie ! So it's Puke time for in so called investors of these two trash companies. Please by all means enjoy.

April 16 2014 at 7:57 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

There she blows heading into the earth as if we did not know it was coming!

April 04 2014 at 2:55 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

It's now the end of the line for freddie and fannie ( SELL ) while can or the fat cat's will crush you.

March 18 2014 at 11:35 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

The Government comes out and states they are going to replace Freddie and Fannie with a new company and the suckers line up to buy the dead. Wow what a head rush for the shorts.

March 14 2014 at 3:45 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Sell now

February 27 2014 at 12:34 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

He got lucky a few times most call it beginner's luck. However he has made some big mistakes and still doing that. This roll of the dice on Fannie and Freddie is one really big mistake. There is no turn around for these companies, they are dead money. Most of the these fat cats are hoping to get a lot of people to toss their money out the window by buying these two failed companies. In fact hes desperate. Don't fall for this remember these companies are ( Bankrupted Companies ). And the Government is never going to give them a chance they have said that many times. They made 86 billion $ bucks and the Government took it all.

February 26 2014 at 9:08 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply