Alamy
By Jonathan Spicer
and Jason Lange


WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Federal Reserve announced a further $10 billion reduction in its monthly bond purchases Wednesday, as it stuck to a plan to wind down its extraordinary stimulus despite recent turmoil in emerging markets.

Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke, who hands the central bank's reins to Vice Chair Janet Yellen on Friday, also adjourned his last policy-setting meeting without making any changes to the U.S. central bank's other main policy plank: its longer-term plan to keep interest rates low for some time to come.

In a statement after the two-day meeting, the Fed said "economic activity picked up in recent quarters," and largely shook off a surprisingly soft reading on December jobs growth.

"Labor market indicators were mixed but on balance showed further improvement," the central bank said.

Losses in U.S. stocks deepened after the announcement, while U.S. government debt prices rose, with yields on the benchmark 10-year note hitting the lowest level since late November. The dollar rose against the euro, but fell against the yen.

"The Fed's action today represents a continuation of its resolute determination to end [bond purchases] during 2014," said Daniel Alpert, managing partner at Westwood Capital in New York. "The policy has hit its 'sell by' date."

Importantly, policymakers stuck to their promise to keep rates near zero until well after the U.S. unemployment rate, now at 6.7 percent, falls below 6.5 percent, especially if inflation remains below a 2 percent target. Some analysts had speculated the Fed could alter this guidance, given how close the jobless rate now is to the rate-hike threshold.

The decision received unanimous backing from Fed policymakers.
It was the first policy meeting without a dissent since June 2011 -- a nice send-off for Bernanke.

The Fed said it would buy $65 billion in bonds per month starting in February, down from $75 billion now. It shaved its purchases of U.S. Treasuries and mortgage bonds equally.

A report earlier this month showed a surprisingly sharp slowdown in job creation in December, but other economic signals -- from consumer spending to industrial and trade -- suggested the recovery closed out last year on solid ground.

The Fed launched its current round of bond purchases in September 2012. Last month, it decided to begin tapering the program, and the recent signs of economic health had led to a widespread expectation of a further reduction.

Indeed, the Fed's statement closely tracked the one it issued after its Dec. 17-18 meeting, when it announced an initial $10 billion cut to the program.

At the time, Bernanke said the Fed would likely continue to taper the purchases in "measured" steps until the program was shelved later in the year, as long as the economy continued to heal.

A sell-off in emerging market currencies and stocks in recent days, along with the disappointing December jobs report, had led some to speculate that the Fed could put its plans on hold.

The meeting was Bernanke's last before Vice Chair Janet Yellen moves into the top spot.

He took the Fed far into uncharted territory during his eight years on the job, building a $4 trillion balance sheet and keeping interest rates near zero for more than five years to pull the economy from its worst downturn in decades.


Victoria McGrane Previews the Federal Reserve Policy Announcement

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14 Comments

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tj1108

How long before a new QE. A new QE will be with the next 2 months. The will come up with a new name for the same thing. A different term for digitizing money to put into the bond market. This will continue for the forseable future. Only now Obama will have a hand picked person running the Fed.

January 30 2014 at 1:04 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
cmencer1

Now they are only going to invest $85 billion a month in the market, so Americas definition of recovery is when the government props up the entire economy. Insanity - Americans are truely the most gullible people on earth.

January 30 2014 at 6:10 AM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply
setanta54s_back

.is everybody READY ?

January 30 2014 at 12:02 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
setanta54s_back

.is everybody READY ?

January 30 2014 at 12:02 AM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply
setanta54s_back

.is everybody READY ?

January 30 2014 at 12:02 AM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply
Valerie

Bye-bye, Helicopter Ben.

(Good riddance to bad rubbish).

January 29 2014 at 11:25 PM Report abuse -2 rate up rate down Reply
nthereoff

Inflation only at 2 per-cent over last year. Are you kidding?

January 29 2014 at 7:57 PM Report abuse +5 rate up rate down Reply
Ken and Joan

'They' have been kickin the can down the road for some time now. They finally kick it into a dead in alley. Bye Ben.hello Janet.

January 29 2014 at 5:41 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
David

Here we go, down the tube.

January 29 2014 at 4:57 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
jdykbpl45

De head fart is about to depart!

January 29 2014 at 3:35 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply