Admissions office sign at university
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By Liz Weston

LOS ANGELES -- College applications aren't fraught enough, so here's something else to worry you. The order in which you list your preferred colleges on federal financial aid applications could be used against you.

Colleges are keenly interested in what's known as "FAFSA position" -- the order in which high school students list their prospective institutions on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Students can list up to 10 schools to receive their financial aid information, and the ones they list first strongly predict which enrollment offers they're likely to accept, college consultants say.

The Department of Education releases each student's line-up to all of his or her prospective colleges. That allows the institutions to see how they rank with students and exactly which schools they are competing against.

Most applicants don't realize this information is shared, and they have no idea their lists could be used to affect their admissions offers or their financial aid packages, said David Hawkins, director of public policy and research for the National Association for College Admission Counseling in Arlington, Virginia.

"The idea that what students may be offered could be significantly altered by the use of the FAFSA position is highly problematic," Hawkins said.

A recent Inside Higher Ed article detailed some of the ways that information can be used against students. A university concerned about its "yield" -- a closely-watched measure that tracks how many accepted students actually enroll -- may not extend an admission offer if the university is near the bottom of an otherwise qualified student's list, for fear the offer will be rejected.

A college at the top of a student's list, on the other hand, may not feel compelled to offer generous financial aid, since the student is seen as likely to accept without it.

Colleges don't admit to these tactics publicly, but consultants who advise families on college selection say it's an open secret that they occur.

"All colleges have the goal of admitting the best students they possibly can at the best price they possibly can," said Deborah Fox of Fox College Funding in San Diego, which advises affluent families on ways to reduce their college bills. "I strongly believe that FAFSA position ... is just one of the tools they use."

College officials and consultants who advise them insist that such practices aren't widespread. Schools are far more likely to use FAFSA position to size up their competition and to predict enrollment, they say. But even the defenders acknowledged other ways in which FAFSA position could negatively affect prospective students.

Withholding Offers

Several of those I interviewed were skeptical that colleges would routinely use FAFSA position to withhold an admissions offer, since FAFSA data is generally transmitted to schools in February and March -- late in the admissions process.

"The information is not available at the time it would be particularly useful," said W. Ken Barnds, vice president of enrollment at Augustana College in Rock Island, Ill., who wrote about FAFSA position as part of a recent Huffington Post article about "big data" and college admissions. "And it would be completely inappropriate to use this information in the admissions decision-making process."

Hawkins, who agreed an outright denial was unlikely, said his college admissions sources have told him that FAFSA position can be used along with other indications of student interest -- such as a campus visit or a consultation with a school representative at a college fair -- to put students on a waitlist rather offering admission "to see if they're still interested."

Colleges with limited resources for recruiting students may not try as hard to persuade students to enroll who don't rank them highly, said Galen Graber, an associate vice president for financial aid services at enrollment management consultant Noel-Levitz of Coralville, Iowa.

"If I'm 10th on someone's list, should I call that person and try to persuade them to move us nine positions ahead," Galen asked, "or should I call that person that has us in the second position instead?"

Noel-Levitz is among the consultants who have convinced colleges to pay attention to FAFSA position. A college listed first by a student will have its offer of admission accepted 64 percent of the time, according to the consultant's study of 153 private and public colleges. The acceptance rate drops to 22 percent for colleges listed second and 16 percent for those listed third, Graber said.

Augustana College, a Noel-Levitz client, uses FAFSA position to help prioritize its offers of financial aid, Barnds said.

"I want to get [highly interested students] a financial aid offer as quickly as possible," Barnds said, "so we don't leave a student who's listed us as No. 1 waiting forever."

Expressions of student interest also are used by some colleges to craft financial aid packages, especially those involving "merit aid" that doesn't require demonstrated need, Hawkins said. Eager-to-attend students may not receive the same generosity as those on the fence.

"The fact that colleges are differentiating between students on anything other than income very much implies ... these packages are based on student interest, among other things," Hawkins said.

Fox, who advises families on the often-complex strategies of "strategically" listing colleges on the FAFSA, is among those who wish the Department of Education would simply stop sharing FAFSA positions with schools.

"I think this is private information," Fox said. "It should be kept private."


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11 Comments

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pdbliz

To all you young and old WHITES,,,,,, YOU GOT EXACTLY WHAT YOU DESERVE ...
TO ALL YOU STUPID WHITES,,,,YOU ALSO GOT WHAT YOU DESERVE...
AND,,GUESS WHAT,,,,IT IS NOT OVER MY NO MEANS.!!!!!!
I LOVE IT,,,I AM OLD AND HAVE MINE........YOU WILL GET NOTHING...
NEXT TIME YOU FILL OUT APP FOR JOB,,,BE SURE TO PUT ON THE RACE FORM,,,,,,BLACK,///////////////////THEN YOU MAY BE HIRED.......PUT WHITE,,,,,OUT THE DOOR YOU GO...

November 12 2013 at 4:39 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
aml0718

It has nothing to with liberal vs conservative. A student from a wealthy conservative family at my daughters school got a free ride to an Ivy League University explain the fairness in that? and no it was not because of his exceptional abilities, volunteerism and grades there were many other students who were just as qualified, but were not offered free rides and were not from wealthy families who could have afforded to pay. It would have been nice to see an underprivileged talented student get the much needed opportunity. Suspicious really.

November 12 2013 at 11:46 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
thegolfrangedad

I predict that the brick and mortar colleges will go away in the future. They are trying to hold onto the taxpayers/education dollars but that life boat is not going to hold water much longer.
Citizens will opt for true education instead of a watered down tired old rah rah experience that is really little more than a money grab by those who run away with the tuition. The online experience option will educate and without the financial slavery that is currently put upon the public, and concealed by booze and campus socializing . "All things must pass..."

November 12 2013 at 9:24 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Cindy

Colleges and universities also prefer students who do not require financial aid.

November 12 2013 at 8:11 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to Cindy's comment
pvevans11980

I’m not sure that’s true. The ones with Financial Aid are the ones who do better in their classes, get better GPA’s and bring up the schools ratings.

If you get Financial Aid you HAVE to get good grades or you lose it. If mommy and daddy are paying for your education you can do as good or bad as you like.

November 12 2013 at 11:55 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
abcaid

Please help me with my reading and comprehension. The universities seek competitive advantage by not offering discounts to the potential students who are already motivated ( as per their own testimonies) in selecting their particular services. They are more likely to extend some help to those who are not yet decided in selecting the particular provider as their own. It sounds like a good business strategy. I'm sure smart HS graduates will be able to figure out a way around it.

November 12 2013 at 7:40 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
dfoster

Like most government programs, it is filled with nit-picking bureaucracy designed to remove all intelligence from processes (example: "Zero Tolerance" programs). Watch what happens with health care.

November 11 2013 at 3:15 PM Report abuse -6 rate up rate down Reply
lymanjohnf

Why not simply amend the FAFSA form to require schools to be listed in alphabetic order - that way no screener could draw any conclusions about a student\'s preferences. If a student doesn\'t follow that form instruction, or makes an alphabetization error, that is another useful factor in judging their college potential.

November 11 2013 at 2:57 PM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
brookjax

It gets worse. FAFSA lets colleges ask applicants to FAFSA questions, and Emory asked "Is Emory your first choice?" Say No and you get no scholarship offer. All your other choices offer scholarships, but Emory offers only simple admission. Be honest and lose.

November 11 2013 at 12:16 PM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply
DanD

Here's a great idea, WORK FULL TIME, go to college PART TIME, and pay for your own college, so you don't OWE ANYONE ANYTHING once you have completed your degree… And just think, it might even encourage you to STUDY a bit harder, and pick a "career" in which you can make money! But hey, that is the "conservative way", not the SOCIALIST way! Good luck to you all….LMAO!

November 11 2013 at 11:17 AM Report abuse -5 rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to DanD's comment
Tom

Did you even read the article, or just come here to be a troll?

Just to bring you up to speed...
The article isn't about taking out student loans. The article is about students receiving a financial aid (scholarships and grants) offer from the school of their choice. So, in addition to being rude, your post is also irrelevant to this story.

By the way - please don't try to attach your dumb-ass rants to being conservative. You are embarrassing the rest of us.

November 11 2013 at 7:42 PM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
pdbliz

Welcome to the under world of OBAMA CARE AND THE DEMOCRATE PARTY.!!!!

STUDENTS,,,YOU GOT WHAT YOU VOTED FOR.!!!!!

November 11 2013 at 10:50 AM Report abuse -6 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to pdbliz's comment
Tom

Are you really that dense? This article has NOTHING to do with Obamacare, Democrats, or who anybody voted for.

It's about college admissions offices making offers of financial aid to students based on what's on their federal student aid form. Last I checked, college admission personnel were not federal employees. Geesh.

November 11 2013 at 7:45 PM Report abuse +3 rate up rate down Reply