The wealth-building power of compound interest will never cease to amaze me. It's a story of patience and attention to detail, where small, short-term differences add up to massive divergence over decades. And in the end, the biggest winners don't always deliver the fattest share-price returns.

Today, I'm looking at the Dow Jones Industrial Average's newest dividend-payer. All 30 Dow members run dividend programs now, but that's a fairly recent phenomenon. Cisco Systems completed the set when the computer-networking giant started making quarterly shareholder distributions in the spring of 2011.

A dividend history of less than two and a half years isn't much to hang your hat on, historically speaking. But Cisco has already shown some signs of nurturing a healthy dividend policy for the long term. Specifically, Cisco's payouts have grown like ragweeds since that first tentative payout.


CSCO Dividend Chart

CSCO Dividend data by YCharts.

Cisco's dividends per share more than doubled in the first year and then doubled again a year later. That's an impressive commitment to stronger shareholder returns, and dividend payments now rival Cisco's generous share-buyback program in size. All things considered, the current 2.9% yield is comfortably above the Dow's 2.7% average yield. It's not a huge lead, but any advantage is impressive when you're comparing yourself to the market's elite group of companies.

That's a nice start, but Cisco's dividend story is not all wine and roses. The strong yield rests not only on generous payout policies, but also on a weak share price. In short, Cisco has been running in turnaround mode for the last several years, and you would have been better off owning a simple Dow-tracking fund throughout Cisco's dividend era.

CSCO Chart

CSCO data by YCharts.

So the big question for income investors is: Will Cisco be able to pull itself up by the bootstraps and keep growing those quarterly checks?

The fundamentals are certainly strong enough. Cisco spends no more than 33% of its net income on dividend payments, and it spends an even smaller portion of its massive free cash flows. Sales are booming once again, driving strong GAAP and cash profits via a leaner, meaner operating model.

CSCO Free Cash Flow TTM Chart

CSCO Free Cash Flow TTM data by YCharts.

How about the core business model? There's no doubt that data networking will remain relevant for decades to come. The PC era may be grinding to a halt, but only because of the massive growth in mobile computing. Both platforms tap into high-bandwidth uses such as high-definition video streams, and network operators constantly struggle to keep up with the rising bandwidth demand. Oh, and the "Internet of Things" revolution is just getting started. Soon enough, most data traffic will go from one machine to another without a human consumer in sight.

All told, I'd be shocked if Cisco's hot start in dividend payments hit a brick wall anytime soon. The market is solid, Cisco's financial health is impeccable, and there's plenty of fiscal headroom for further dividend boosts -- even if the underlying business hits a snag or two along the way.

The only real threat to Cisco's dividend would be if today's smaller rivals managed to dethrone the networking king, stealing Cisco's commanding market share. It's a highly unlikely scenario, given Cisco's enormous research budget, but investors must consider every possibility. Short of an outright revolution in the networking space, Cisco sure looks like a solid dividend play.

The amount of data we store every year is growing by a mind-boggling 60% annually, and Cisco is one easy way to tap into this megatrend. To pick out an even bigger potential winner, The Motley Fool has compiled a new report called "The Only Stock You Need to Profit From the NEW Technology Revolution." The report highlights a company that has gained 300% since it was first recommended by Fool analysts but still has plenty of room left to run. To get instant access to the name of this company transforming the IT industry, click here -- it's free.

The article How Dividends Change the Game for Cisco Stock originally appeared on Fool.com.

Fool contributor Anders Bylund holds no position in any company mentioned. Check out Anders' bio and holdings or follow him on Twitter and Google+ The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days.

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