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LAS VEGAS, NV - JANUARY 29: U.S. President Barack Obama delivers his address on immigration reform at Del Sol High School on January 29, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nevada. Obama commended Congress for their bipartisanship efforts in fixing illegal immigration policies. (Photo by John Gurzinski/Getty Images)
John Gurzinski/Getty Images

President Obama has plenty of big taxes in his budget proposal.

To achieve $1.8 trillion in new revenue, the president suggested a few of the policies he's raised while battling Republicans over the past four years: taxing higher incomes by capping itemized tax deductions, rolling back domestic-production credits for oil companies, instituting the "Buffett Rule" of a 30 percent minimum tax rate for people making over $1 million in a year, and taxing investment managers' "carried interest" profits as regular income top the list.

But the tax code is a jungle of odd rules, and the penny-pinching side of Obama's budget raises some new taxes (or closes some "loopholes") that might not readily occur to most taxpayers filling out run-of-the-mill 1040s this weekend.

As laid out this week by the Treasury Department in its "green book," a massive spiral-bound document that explains tax changes in the White House budget proposal - it is pale green, and 246 pages - here are some quirky maneuvers the president suggests to offset spending and keep the deficit just a bit lower:

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Cities with the Lowest Tax Rates

The total amount of tax you pay reaches far beyond what you owe the federal government. Depending on where you live, most likely you're required to pay additional taxes, including property and sales tax. The disparity between the amount of tax you pay in a low-tax city and that in a high-tax city can be dramatic. Living in any of these 10 cities could save you a bundle, although the exact amount may fluctuate based on your income and lifestyle choices.

Cities with the Highest Tax Rates

Much ado is made in the press about federal tax brackets, but cities can carry a tax bite of their own. Even if you live in a state that has no income tax, your city may levy a variety of taxes that could eat away the entire benefit of living in an income tax-free state, including property taxes, sales taxes and auto taxes. Consider all the costs before you move to one of these cities, and understand that rates may change based on your family's income level.

Great Ways to Get Charitable Tax Deductions

Generally, when you give money to a charity, you can use the amount of that donation as a deduction on your tax return. However, not all charities qualify as tax-deductible organizations. While there are many types of charities, they must all meet certain criteria to be classified by the IRS as tax-deductible organizations. There are legitimate tax-deductible organizations in many popular categories, such as those listed below.

A Freelancer's Guide to Taxes

Freelancing certainly has its benefits, but it can result in a few complications come tax time. The Internal Revenue Service considers freelancers to be self-employed, so if you earn income as a freelancer you must file your taxes as a business owner. While you can take additional deductions if you are self-employed, you'll also face additional taxes in the form of the self-employment tax. Here are things to consider as a freelancer when filing your taxes.

Tax Deductions for Voluntary Interest Payments on Student Loans

Most taxpayers who pay interest on student loans can take a tax deduction for the expense ? and you can do this regardless of whether you itemize tax deductions on your return. The rules for claiming the deduction are the same whether the interest payments were required or voluntary.

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Do people on welfare have taxes taken out of their welfare checks? I am just trying to figure out how every American would pay taxes if folks on welfare don't pay taxes. And to that end if taxes are taken out of their check is that money also the hard working American's who are paying for their welfare paying the taxes on their welfare checks??? This really has not much to do with the article but I am very curious about welfare.

April 16 2013 at 4:50 PM Report abuse -5 rate up rate down Reply

Just look at your phone or cable bill. DIA Democrats In Action.

April 16 2013 at 2:15 PM Report abuse -5 rate up rate down Reply

Typical Democrat, tax who and what ever you can.

April 16 2013 at 1:35 PM Report abuse -5 rate up rate down Reply

Ah, check out the Virginia "no tax" governor. He is coming up with novel ideas to tax the old and poor and reduce taxes for others. I can't afford a car so a reduction in gas taxes won't help me but raising the taxes on everything else?!?!? Good thing the poor don't need groceries.

April 16 2013 at 1:10 PM Report abuse +3 rate up rate down Reply

Scrap the current tax code, tax gross receipts with no deductions,credits or exemptions, six tax brackets, with one standard deduction. No special deals for anyone, everyone pays a "fair share"!

April 16 2013 at 1:03 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

He's also proposing a cap on what you can put in your retirement account without a massive tax. Can you believe he's trying to tell us how much we can save for retirement?

April 16 2013 at 12:18 PM Report abuse -4 rate up rate down Reply

They actually used the term "penny pinching" and Obama in the same sentence, is that isn't an oxy moron nothing is!

April 16 2013 at 10:04 AM Report abuse -3 rate up rate down Reply

did you hear about the new tax in MD they are going to tax the rain that runs off of peoples houses and paved drive ways . shhhhh !!!!!! dont tell pres obama he'll tax do the same to you what an idiot the obama EPA at work !!!!! to much power to many stupid rules putting people out of work and taking money out of our pockets to save the air and water that doesnt need saving !!!!!!

April 16 2013 at 9:32 AM Report abuse -4 rate up rate down Reply

The flat tax of 17% was introduced into Congress back when Kenedy was still in congress about 20 years ago. It was stopped by Democrats of whom, Teddy spoke for them saying that, "We will never give up the power to tax as we wish." If most of the current voting Democrats actually knew what Dems had done in the past, that they now blame on Repubs, they would probably become Repubs or the Free Tea Party folks. Just because no history knowing honest person could ever be a true Socialist/ Marxist Democrat!

April 16 2013 at 9:05 AM Report abuse -6 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to gliverson's comment

A flat tax is a bad idea. So is the racist, hate driven, economy destroying, agenda of the Tea Party. Look up Socialism in the dictionary. Guess what? You ARE a socialist!

April 16 2013 at 9:17 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to Avid's comment

Hey D-Bag ..................... tell us one,just one, racist thing that the Tea Party stands for ?????? Get a life and a brain you freakin' moron !!!!! Or better yet,get a job and pay taxes and we 'll see your uneducated opinion change real quick like !!!!!!!!

April 16 2013 at 12:07 PM Report abuse -4 rate up rate down

A flat tax is the best idea. The fairest idea. Everyone pays.

April 16 2013 at 12:19 PM Report abuse -6 rate up rate down

Unless we reighn in ourselves as a nation, we will spend ourselves into oblivion just like anchient Greece did 2000 years ago! And seems to be doing even now today.
You cannot "spend yourself into wealth" and niether can any nation regardless of fantacies from the news media and Obama to the contrary! When enough people want enough money for free fomr our taxpayer pot of gold, and they pay nothig ito to it first before they get something back out of it.... it cost them nothing, so they have no interest in seeing it flourish.... so they will continue to vote benefits for themselves. When that group of voters reaches around 49% the rest of the nation doomed, for they will always vote to take from someone else what they earned to get for themselves. = the end.

April 16 2013 at 8:59 AM Report abuse -2 rate up rate down Reply