The Federal Reserve Smiles on American Express

The changes that the Federal Reserve made to its annual stress tests worked out very well for American Express , which announced late yesterday that the Fed had approved its plan to return capital to investors.

The new format instituted by the Federal Reserve this year, whereby the stress test results and the Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review scores were released separately, worked out well for American Express. That's because it was able to obtain feedback from the Fed back in January regarding its capital plan -- which, as it turned out, was a non-starter. Being able to submit an amended plan enabled AmEx to get a passing grade of 6.4% for its post-super-stress scenario, compared to the 4.97% it would have gotten without the early heads-up.


Now, AmEx is able to present its shareholders with a nice dividend increase, 3% higher than last years' hike:

As well as a not-quite-as-hefty, but still sweet, share repurchase program:

A second chance for investors, too
As the Fed found out last year, tweaks to capital plans caused quite a bit of upheaval for financial institutions, which had to wait months to see if their revised plans passed muster. Last year, SunTrust , Fifth Third Bancorp , and Citigroup all had their capital plans rejected, and had to resubmit. Fifth Third was later able to boost its dividend in September, by 25%, unlike the other two banks.

SunTrust, which had been expected to pass all aspects of the testing after paying off its Troubled Asset Relief Program balance, wasn't punished by investors, and actually saw an upward tick in its share price immediately after the results were announced in March. For Citigroup, however, the news was dire, particularly for then-CEO Vikram Pandit, whose ousting last fall has been traced by many analysts to that capital plan failure in the spring.

Still a little stingy?
For investors who were hoping that American Express would be more generous with capital returns, this news might smart a little. However, I think AmEx is being cautious because of its having to submit the alternate plan when the first one didn't fly. Better safe than sorry, as they say.

Investors needn't worry about the company's prospects. American Express is currently trimming its expenses, even after reporting higher-than-estimated earnings for the fourth quarter. With the economy looking brighter this year, I think it's a sure bet that American Express won't be letting its investors down.

Citigroup's stock looks tantalizingly cheap. Yet the bank's balance sheet is still in need of more repair, and there's a considerable amount of uncertainty after a shocking management shakeup. Should investors be treading carefully, or jumping on an opportunity to buy? To help figure out if Citigroup deserves a spot on your Watchlist, I invite you to read our premium research report on the bank today. We'll fill you in on both reasons to buy and reasons to sell Citigroup, and what areas Citigroup investors need to watch going forward. Click here now for instant access to our best expert's take on Citigroup.

The article The Federal Reserve Smiles on American Express originally appeared on Fool.com.

Fool contributor Amanda Alix has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends American Express. The Motley Fool owns shares of Citigroup and Fifth Third Bancorp. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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