CORRECTING and REPLACING Molina Healthcare Reports Fourth Quarter and Year-End 2012 Results
LONG BEACH, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- The table entitled "Unaudited Change in Medical Claims and Benefits Payable" on page 15 of the press release presented incorrect amounts in the columns entitled "Three Months Ended December 31, 2012," and "Year Ended December 31, 2012." Such incorrect amounts were contained in the rows entitled "Payments for medical care costs related to: Current period," and "Payments for medical care costs related to: Prior period," and were due to an inadvertent reversal of signs in the computation. No subtotals or totals in the table were incorrect. As amended, "Payments for medical care costs related to: Current period" for the three months ended December 31, 2012 has been corrected to read $906,108; "Payments for medical care costs related to: Prior period" for the three months ended December 31, 2012 has been corrected to read $409,449; "Payments for medical care costs related to: Current period" for the year ended December 31, 2012 has been corrected to read $4,649,363; and "Payments for medical care costs related to: Prior period" for the year ended December 31, 2012 has been corrected to read $355,343.
The corrected release reads:
MOLINA HEALTHCARE REPORTS FOURTH QUARTER AND YEAR-END 2012 RESULTS
Molina Healthcare, Inc. (NYS: MOH) :
- Quarterly earnings per diluted share of $0.54
- Full year earnings per diluted share of $0.21
- Annual revenue of $6 billion, up 26% over 2011
- Aggregate membership up 6% over 2011
- Earnings per diluted share guidance of $1.55 for fiscal year 2013
Molina Healthcare, Inc. (NYS: MOH) today reported its financial results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2012.
Net income for the quarter was $25.6 million, or $0.54 per diluted share, compared with a net loss of $33.0 million, or $0.72 per diluted share, for the quarter ended December 31, 2011. Net income for the year ended December 31, 2012, was $9.8 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, compared with net income of $20.8 million, or $0.45 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2011. Results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2011, were affected by an impairment charge of $64.6 million related to the Company's Missouri health plan.
"While 2012 was a difficult year, our achievements during the fourth quarter have given us confidence as we look forward to 2013 and beyond," said J. Mario Molina, M.D., chief executive officer of Molina Healthcare, Inc. "We have demonstrated that we can reach fair agreements on premium rates with our state partners and that, in time, our patient care programs will produce both better health outcomes and lower medical costs. The challenges we faced in California and Texas in 2012 may be repeated over the next several years in different states and with different members. Our fourth quarter results demonstrate that Molina Healthcare is able to meet those challenges."
Earnings Per Share Guidance
The Company expects earnings per diluted share of $1.55 for fiscal year 2013. Additional details regarding the Company's guidance are provided later in this release.
Fourth Quarter 2012 Compared with Third Quarter 2012
The Company's financial performance in the fourth quarter of 2012 improved substantially over the third quarter of 2012, as earnings per diluted share increased to $0.54 from $0.07. Modest premium rate increases in some states, along with decreased medical costs, were the primary reasons for the improved financial performance. The ratio of medical care costs to premium revenue net of premium tax (the medical care ratio, or MCR) decreased approximately 450 basis points between the third and fourth quarter of 2012. Medical care ratios decreased at seven of the Company's nine health plans, most notably in Texas and California.
The Company has changed its method of calculating the medical care ratio effective with the release of its fourth quarter earnings. The Company now calculates the medical care ratio by dividing total medical care costs by premium revenue, net of premium taxes. Previously, the Company did not adjust premium revenue to remove the impact of premium taxes when calculating the medical care ratio. The Company has made this change for all periods presented to allow better comparability of the medical care ratio between periods for health plans operating in states where premium taxes are either increased or decreased. Two states where the Company operates health plans (Michigan and California) either reduced or eliminated their premium tax during 2012.
Premium revenue increased $29.2 million to $1,480.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, from $1,450.8 million in the third quarter of 2012. Fourth quarter premium revenue benefited from the following increases in premium rates:
- An increase to premium rates of approximately 1%, or approximately $200,000 per month, at the Florida health plan effective September 1, 2012;
- An increase to premium rates of approximately 2%, or approximately $900,000 per month, at the Michigan health plan effective October 1, 2012;
- An increase to premium rates of approximately 4%, or approximately $4.5 million per month, at the Texas health plan effective September 1, 2012; and
- An increase to premium rates for the aged, blind or disabled, or ABD, population of approximately 2% at the California health plan retroactive to July 1, 2011. This increase translated to a blended rate increase of approximately 1% for the California health plan's premium revenue overall. Due to the retroactive nature of this increase, the California health plan recorded approximately $12 million of incremental revenue (net of related costs) in the fourth quarter of 2012. Approximately $4 million of the retroactive revenue related to 2011 and $2 million to each of the four quarters of 2012. Revenue beginning October 1, 2012, increased about $2 million per quarter.
The Company had 29,000 fewer members at December 31, 2012, than at September 30, 2012. Most of the membership loss occurred at the Ohio health plan, which saw a decrease of 28,000 members due to the correction of Medicaid eligibility errors made by the state earlier in 2012.
Medical Care Costs
The Company's consolidated medical care ratio decreased 450 basis points to 86.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012, from 90.6% in the third quarter of 2012. Increased premium rates for the ABD membership of the California and Texas health plans, favorable development of the Texas health plan's medical claims liability recorded at September 30, 2012, and reduced inpatient utilization (particularly among the California health plan's ABD population) contributed to this decline. Medical costs per member per month (PMPM) declined approximately 2%. Inpatient utilization decreased approximately 4%, contributing to a decrease of approximately 5% in inpatient facility costs PMPM.
Influenza-related illnesses do not appear to have significantly affected fourth quarter 2012 financial results, but may negatively impact financial results in the first quarter of 2013. The Company estimates that it incurred approximately $5 million more of medical costs for influenza-related illnesses in the fourth quarter than it would have incurred in a fourth quarter with more typical flu activity.
Individual Health Plan Analysis
The Texas health plan's financial performance improved significantly in the fourth quarter compared with the third quarter of 2012. The medical care ratio of the Texas health plan was 77.8% in the fourth quarter of 2012, compared with 91.9% in the third quarter of 2012. The Company believes that the reduction to the Texas health plan's medical care ratio was primarily the result of the following factors:
- A blended rate increase of approximately 4%, or $4.5 million per month, effective September 1, 2012;
- The results of medical cost containment initiatives implemented beginning in the second quarter of 2012; and
- A reduction of approximately $30 million to the estimated amount of medical costs incurred prior to the fourth quarter of 2012. The change in that estimate was recorded in the fourth quarter of 2012.
If the Company were to retroactively adjust for the reduction to estimated medical costs incurred in the second and third quarters of 2012, it believes that the medical care ratio of the Texas health plan would have been approximately 89% in the fourth quarter of 2012, approximately 90% in the third quarter of 2012 and approximately 99% in the second quarter of 2012.
The medical care ratio at the California health plan decreased to 89.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, from 96.1% in the third quarter of 2012, primarily due to a retroactive premium rate increase relating to its ABD membership. As noted above, the California health plan recorded approximately $12 million of incremental revenue (net of related costs) in the fourth quarter of 2012 related to a rate increase for its ABD membership that was retroactive to July 1, 2011. If the Company were to retroactively adjust for that rate increase, it estimates that the medical care ratio of the California health plan would have been approximately 94.5% in the fourth quarter of 2012, approximately 93.5% in the third quarter of 2012, approximately 90% in the second quarter of 2012, and approximately 88% in the first quarter of 2012.
The medical care ratio for the California health plan's ABD membership was 86.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012, compared with 110.2% in the third quarter of 2012. If the Company were to retroactively adjust for that rate increase, it estimates that the medical care ratio of the California health plan's ABD members would have been approximately 103% in both the fourth and third quarters of 2012. The Company has consistently stated its belief that, over time, it can improve quality of care and reduce costs among individuals (such as the California health plan's ABD membership) who have only recently been transitioned from fee-for-service reimbursement to managed care.
Also during the fourth quarter, the Company exited an unprofitable service area in California, reducing enrollment by approximately 5,000 members.
General and Administrative Costs
General and administrative costs increased $25.9 million to $153.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, from $127.5 million in the third quarter of 2012, primarily due to approximately $14 million of expense recognized in the fourth quarter of 2012 related to the potential settlement of various claims made upon the Company by government agencies and health care providers. Approximately $11 million of these costs related to matters arising prior to 2012. Absent the $14 million identified above, the Company's consolidated general and administrative expense ratio would have been approximately 8.8% for the fourth quarter of 2012.
Year Ended December 31, 2012, Compared with Year Ended December 31, 2011
Earnings decreased in 2012 compared with 2011 because lower margins in the Health Plans segment more than offset higher premium revenue. Net income for the year ended December 31, 2012, was $9.8 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, compared with net income of $20.8 million, or $0.45 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2011. Results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2011 were affected by an impairment charge of $64.6 million related to the Company's Missouri health plan.
Lower net income in 2012 was in large part tied to growth in the Company's ABD membership in California and Texas, where margins were considerably lower than for the Company as a whole. During 2012, both California and Texas transitioned large numbers of ABD members from fee-for-service reimbursement to managed care contracts. It has been the Company's experience that members transitioning from fee-for-service reimbursement to managed care often bring with them pent up demand for medical services and that the realization of both improved medical outcomes and costs savings from the application of managed care practices takes time as both members and providers acquaint themselves to new ways of accessing and providing care.
The initial reduction to margins associated with the transition of members from fee-for-service reimbursement to managed care was exacerbated by premium rates that assumed unrealistic costs savings from managed care practices. Premium rate increases received later in 2012 at least partially addressed this issue.
Those rate increases, together with the improved health outcomes and the gradual reduction in medical costs resulting from the application of managed care practices, produced improved financial results in the fourth quarter of 2012. Nevertheless, the aggregate effect of the ABD membership transitioned in 2012 was a substantial reduction in margins. The Company believes, however, that in time the higher premium revenue associated with ABD members will allow it to earn acceptable returns on a total dollar basis even if percentage margins remain lower than those earned by serving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF, members, for whom PMPM revenue is much lower.
Premium revenue grew 27% in the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with the year ended December 31, 2011, primarily due to a shift in member mix to populations generating higher premium revenue PMPM, benefit expansions, and an increase in membership. Medicare premium revenue was $468 million in the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with $388 million in the year ended December 31, 2011.
Growth in the Company's ABD membership led to higher premium revenue PMPM in 2012. ABD membership, as a percent of total membership, has increased approximately 31% year over year. Premium revenue PMPM also increased in the year ended December 31, 2012, as a result of the inclusion of revenue from the pharmacy benefit for the Company's Ohio health plan effective October 1, 2011, and as a result of the inclusion of revenue for the inpatient facility and pharmacy benefits across all of the Company's Texas health plan membership effective March 1, 2012.
Medical Care Costs
Medical care costs increased in 2012 primarily due to the same shifts in member mix and the benefit expansions that led to increased premium revenue, particularly in California and Texas.
Individual Health Plan Analysis
Membership and premium revenue increased significantly at the Texas health plan in 2012 as a result of the transition of large numbers of ABD, TANF and Children's Health Insurance Program, or CHIP, members from fee-for-service reimbursement into managed care effective March 1, 2012. Also on that date, inpatient facility and pharmacy benefits that had previously been reimbursed through fee for service for managed care members were transitioned into managed care contracts, further increasing premium revenue and related medical costs. As noted above, margins on newly transitioned ABD members were considerably less than those experienced by the Company overall. The medical care ratio for the Texas health plan's ABD membership in total was approximately 97.8% for all of 2012. Nevertheless, the medical care ratio for the Texas health plan overall decreased to 93.7% for all of 2012 compared with 95.1% for 2011.
The medical care ratio at the California health plan increased significantly in 2012, to 91.1% from 86.9% in 2011. As noted above, margins on newly transitioned ABD members were considerably less than those experienced by the Company overall. The medical care ratio for the California health plan's ABD membership was 96.5% for all of 2012.
Molina Medicaid Solutions Segment
Operating income for the Molina Medicaid Solutions segment improved $21.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2012, compared with 2011. This improvement was primarily the result of stabilization of the newest contracts in Idaho and Maine.
Cash provided by operating activities was $344.3 million in 2012 compared with $225.4 million in 2011, an increase of $118.9 million. This increase was primarily due to increases in deferred revenue and medical claims and benefits payable at December 31, 2012.
At December 31, 2012, the Company had cash and investments of $1.2 billion, and the parent company had cash and investments of $46.9 million.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP (1) to GAAP Financial Measures
Three Months Ended
|(Amounts in thousands)|
|Net income (loss)||$||25,643||$||(32,960||)||$||9,790||$||20,818|
|Depreciation and amortization reported in the consolidated statements of cash flows||20,475||21,969||78,764||74,383|
|Provision for income taxes||24,503||13,004||9,275||43,836|
GAAP stands for U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
EBITDA is not prepared in conformity with GAAP because it excludes depreciation and amortization, as well as interest expense, and the provision for income taxes. This non-GAAP financial measure should not be considered as an alternative to the GAAP measures of net income, operating income, operating margin, or cash provided by operating activities, nor should EBITDA be considered in isolation from these GAAP measures of operating performance. Management uses EBITDA as a supplemental metric in evaluating the Company's financial performance, in evaluating financing and business development decisions, and in forecasting and analyzing future periods. For these reasons, management believes that EBITDA is a useful supplemental measure to investors in evaluating the Company's performance and the performance of other companies in the Company's industry.
The Company's management will host a conference call and webcast to discuss its fourth quarter and year-end results at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, February 7, 2013. The number to call for the interactive teleconference is (212) 231-2933. A telephonic replay of the conference call will be available from 7:00 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, February 7, 2013, through 6:00 p.m. on Friday, February 8, 2013, by dialing (800) 633-8284 and entering confirmation number 21643415. A live broadcast of Molina Healthcare's conference call will be available on the Company's website, www.molinahealthcare.com, or at www.earnings.com. A 30-day online replay will be available approximately an hour following the conclusion of the live broadcast.
About Molina Healthcare
Molina Healthcare, Inc., a FORTUNE 500 company, provides quality and cost-effective Medicaid-related solutions to meet the health care needs of low-income families and individuals and to assist state agencies in their administration of the Medicaid program. The Company's licensed health plans in California, Florida, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin currently serve approximately 1.8 million members, and its subsidiary, Molina Medicaid Solutions, provides business processing and information technology administrative services to Medicaid agencies in Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, New Jersey, and West Virginia, and drug rebate administration services in Florida. More information about Molina Healthcare is available at www.molinahealthcare.com.
Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This earnings release contains "forward-looking statements" regarding the Company's plans, expectations, and anticipated future events. Actual results could differ materially due to numerous known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, risk factors related to the following:
- uncertainties associated with the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, including the impact of the health insurance industry excise tax, the expansion of Medicaid eligibility in the states that participate to previously uninsured populations unfamiliar with managed care, the implementation of state insurance exchanges currently expected to become operational by October 1, 2013, the effect of various implementing regulations, and uncertainties regarding the impact of other federal or state health care and insurance reform measures, including the duals demonstration programs in California, Ohio, Michigan, and Texas;
- the success of our medical cost containment initiatives in Texas, and other risks associated with the expansion of our Texas health plan's service areas in 2012;
- significant budget pressures on state governments and their potential inability to maintain current rates, to implement expected rate increases, or to maintain existing benefit packages or membership eligibility thresholds or criteria;
- management of our medical costs, including seasonal flu patterns and rates of utilization that are consistent with our expectations and our incurred but not reported accruals;
- the success of our efforts to retain existing government contracts and to obtain new government contracts in connection with state requests for proposals (RFPs) in both existing and new states, and our ability to increase our revenues consistent with our expectations;
- accurate estimation of incurred but not reported medical costs across our health plans;
- risks associated with the continued growth in new Medicaid and Medicare enrollees, and the development of actuarially sound rates with respect to such new enrollees, including duals;
- retroactive adjustments to premium revenue or accounting estimates which require adjustment based upon subsequent developments, including Medicaid pharmaceutical rebates;
- continuation and renewal of the government contracts of both our health plans and Molina Medicaid Solutions and the terms under which such contracts are renewed;
- government audits and reviews, and any enrollment freeze or monitoring program that may result therefrom;
- changes with respect to our provider contracts and the loss of providers;
- the establishment of a federal or state medical cost expenditure floor as a percentage of the premiums we receive, and the interpretation and implementation of medical cost expenditure floors, administrative cost and profit ceilings, and profit sharing arrangements;
- interpretation and implementation of at-risk premium rules regarding the achievement of certain quality measures;
- approval by state regulators of dividends and distributions by our health plan subsidiaries;
- changes in funding under our contracts as a result of regulatory changes, programmatic adjustments, or other reforms;
- high dollar claims related to catastrophic illness;
- the favorable resolution of litigation, arbitration, or administrative proceedings, including our pending litigation against the state of California related to rates paid to our California plan in earlier years that were not actuarially sound;
- restrictions and covenants in our credit facility;
- the relatively small number of states in which we operate health plans;
- the availability of adequate financing to fund and capitalize our expansion and growth activities and to meet our liquidity needs, including the interest expense and other costs associated with such financing;
- a state's failure to renew its federal Medicaid waiver;
- inadvertent unauthorized disclosure of protected health information;
- changes generally affecting the managed care or Medicaid management information systems industries;
- increases in government surcharges, taxes, and assessments;
- changes in general economic conditions, including unemployment rates; and
- increasing consolidation in the Medicaid industry;
and numerous other risk factors, including those discussed in the Company's periodic reports and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These reports can be accessed under the investor relations tab of the Company's website or on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov . Given these risks and uncertainties, we can give no assurances that the Company's forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate, or that any other results or events projected or contemplated by the Company's forward-looking statements will in fact occur, and we caution investors not to place undue reliance on these statements. All forward-looking statements in this release represent the Company's judgment as of February 7, 2013, and we disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the Company's expectations.