Apollo Group, Inc. Reports First Quarter 2013 Results

PHOENIX--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Apollo Group, Inc. (NAS: APOL) today reported financial results for the three months ended November 30, 2012, with revenue of $1.1 billion and diluted earnings per share of $1.18 per share, or $1.22 per share excluding special items.

"In the first quarter, we continued to execute on our strategy to differentiate University of Phoenix, diversify Apollo Group and to further optimize our operations," said Apollo Group Chief Executive Officer Greg Cappelli. "We are rolling out new career-oriented tools for students, as well as working with leading companies to help them meet their needs to develop an educated workforce. We are committed to become the educator of choice to connect education to careers and believe this approach will position us for long-term success."

First Quarter 2013 Results of Operations

  • Net revenue for the first quarter 2013 was $1.1 billion compared to $1.2 billion in the first quarter 2012.
  • University of Phoenix Degreed Enrollment was 319,700, a 14.3% decrease from the prior year first quarter, and New Degreed Enrollment was 54,100, a 15.1% decrease from the prior year first quarter.
  • Operating income for the first quarter 2013 was $230.9 million, down 11.7%, compared to $261.7 million from the prior year first quarter.
  • Income from continuing operations attributable to Apollo Group for the first quarter 2013 was $133.5 million, or $1.18 per share, compared to $147.5 million, or $1.13 per share in the first quarter 2012.

Results for the first quarter 2013 include restructuring and other charges of $24.1 million attributable to the Company's optimization efforts and a $16.9 million credit for the reversal of charges associated with a securities class action lawsuit.

Excluding the special items noted above, income from continuing operations for the first quarter 2013 was $137.9 million, or $1.22 per share, compared to income from continuing operations of $165.3 million, or $1.26 per share, for the first quarter 2012. (See the reconciliation of GAAP financial information to non-GAAP financial information in the tables section of this press release for first quarter 2013 and 2012 special items).

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses for the first quarter 2013 totaled $824.2 million, a decrease of 9.4%, as compared to first quarter 2012. Excluding special items, operating expenses were $817.0 million, a decrease of 8.0%. This decrease was primarily attributable to a reduction in costs from restructuring activities, which contributed to the decline in admissions advisory headcount, rent expense and depreciation expense. Additionally, a portion of the decrease was related to variable expenses due to lower net revenue. The provision for uncollectible accounts receivable ("bad debt") also declined 19.7% to $33.4 million, primarily due to lower enrollment, as well as improved collection rates for aged receivables, at University of Phoenix.

Balance Sheet and Cash Flow

As of November 30, 2012, cash and cash equivalents, excluding restricted cash, totaled $776 million compared to $1.3 billion as of August 31, 2012. The decrease was primarily due to $625.8 million used for payments on borrowings, including the payment of $615.0 million borrowed under the Company's revolving credit facility, the Company's $42.5 million cash payment for its purchase of the noncontrolling interest in Apollo Global and $27.5 million for capital expenditures. These items were partially offset by $210.1 million of cash provided by operations.

Accounts receivable were $201.5 million as of November 30, 2012, compared to $198.3 million at August 31, 2012. Excluding accounts receivable and the related net revenue for Apollo Global, the Company's days sales outstanding was 20 days as of November 30, 2012, as compared to 24 days as of November 30, 2011.

Business Outlook

The Company offers the following outlook for fiscal year 2013 based on the business trends observed during the first quarter 2013, as well as management's current expectations of future trends.

  • Net revenue of $3.65 - $3.75 billion; and
  • Operating income of $500.0 - $550.0 million, excluding the impact of special items and restructuring and other charges.

Conference Call Information

The Company will hold a conference call to discuss these earnings results at 5:00 p.m. ET, 3:00 p.m. MT, today, Tuesday, January 8, 2013.

Dial-In Numbers:

877-292-6888 (Domestic)
973-200-3381 (International)
Conference ID: 82100134

A live webcast of this event may be accessed by visiting the Company's website at www.apollogrp.edu. A webcast replay will be available approximately one hour following the conclusion of the call at the same link.

A telephone replay will be available approximately two hours following the conclusion of the call until January 22, 2013.

Dial-In Numbers:

855-859-2056 (Domestic)
404-537-3406 (International)
Conference ID: 82100134

About Apollo Group, Inc.

Apollo Group, Inc. is one of the world's largest private education providers and has been in the education business for nearly 40 years. The Company offers innovative and distinctive educational programs and services both online and on-campus at the undergraduate, master's and doctoral levels through its subsidiaries: University of Phoenix, Apollo Global, Institute for Professional Development and College for Financial Planning. The Company offers programs and services throughout the United States and in Latin America and Europe, as well as online throughout the world.

For more information about Apollo Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries, call (800) 990-APOL or visit the Company's website at www.apollogrp.edu.

Forward-Looking Statements Safe Harbor

Statements about Apollo Group and its business in this release which are not statements of historical fact, including statements regarding Apollo Group's future strategy and plans and commentary regarding future results of operations and prospects, are forward-looking statements and are subject to the Safe Harbor provisions created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on current information and expectations and involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Actual plans implemented and actual results achieved may differ materially from those set forth in or implied by such statements due to various factors, including without limitation (i) the impact of increased competition from traditional public universities and proprietary educational institutions, (ii) the impact of the Company's restructuring initiatives to increase operating efficiency and better align operations with student demand and business strategy, including the substantial reduction in University of Phoenix on-ground locations, (iii) the impact of changes in marketing channels and other recruiting practices to better identify students who are more likely to succeed at University of Phoenix, (iv) the impact of the Company's initiatives to improve the student experience, improve student outcomes and enhance the connection between education and careers, (v) changes in enrollment or student mix, (vi) changes in the overall U.S. or global economy, (vii) changes in law or regulation affecting the Company's eligibility to participate in or the manner in which it participates in U.S. federal and state student financial aid programs, and (viii) changes in the Company's business necessary to remain in compliance with existing, new, or amended U.S. federal student financial aid program regulations, including the so-called 90/10 Rule and the limitations on cohort default rates, and to remain in compliance with the accrediting criteria of the relevant accrediting bodies. For a discussion of the various factors that may cause actual plans implemented and actual results achieved to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the risk factors and other disclosures contained in Apollo Group's Form 10-K for fiscal year 2012 and subsequent Form 10-Q, and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, all of which are available on the Company's website at www.apollogrp.edu.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information

This press release and the related conference call contain non-GAAP financial measures, which are intended to supplement, but not substitute for, the most directly comparable GAAP measures. Management uses, and chooses to disclose to investors, these non-GAAP financial measures because (i) such measures provide an additional analytical tool to clarify the Company's results from operations and help to identify underlying trends in its results of operations, (ii) as to the non-GAAP earnings measures, such measures help compare the Company's performance on a consistent basis across time periods, and (iii) these non-GAAP measures are employed by the Company's management in its own evaluation of performance and are utilized in financial and operational decision-making processes, such as budgeting and forecasting. Exclusion of items in the non-GAAP presentation should not be construed as an inference that these items are unusual, infrequent or non-recurring. Other companies, including other companies in the education industry, may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently, limiting their usefulness as a comparative measure across companies.

Financial and Operating Metrics

Below are Apollo Group's unaudited financial data and operating metrics for the first quarter 2013 compared to the first quarter 2012.

Degreed Enrollment (1) New Degreed Enrollment (2)
Enrollment (rounded to hundreds) Q1 2013     Q1 2012 Q1 2013     Q1 2012
Associate's 99,100 130,300 22,900 27,800
Bachelor's 168,000 182,500 22,500 26,100
Master's 46,000 52,900 8,000 8,900
Doctoral 6,600   7,400   700   900  
319,700   373,100   54,100   63,700  
Revenues (in thousands)
Degree Seeking Gross Revenues(3) $ 992,274 $ 1,108,616
Less: Discounts and other (67,275 ) (62,734 )
Degree Seeking Net Revenues(3) 924,999 1,045,882
Non-degree Seeking Revenues 9,813 8,577
Other, net of discounts 120,371   117,441  
$ 1,055,183   $ 1,171,900  
Revenue by Degree Type (in thousands)(3)
Associate's $ 251,890 $ 313,598
Bachelor's 560,806 592,910
Master's 158,891 178,445
Doctoral 20,687 23,663
Less: Discounts and other (67,275 ) (62,734 )
$ 924,999   $ 1,045,882  
Degree Seeking Gross Revenues per Degreed Enrollment(1), (3)
Associate's $ 2,542 $ 2,407
Bachelor's 3,338 3,249
Master's 3,454 3,373
Doctoral 3,134 3,198
All degrees (after discounts) $ 2,893 $ 2,803
(1) Represents students enrolled in a University of Phoenix degree program who attended a credit bearing course during the quarter and had not graduated as of the end of the quarter; students who previously graduated from one degree program and started a new degree program in the quarter (for example, a graduate of the associate's degree program returns for a bachelor's degree); and students participating in certain certificate programs of at least 18 credits with some course applicability into a related degree program.
(2) Represents new students and students who have been out of attendance for more than 12 months who enroll in a University of Phoenix degree program and start a credit bearing course in the quarter; students who have previously graduated from a degree program and start a new degree program in the quarter; and students who commence participation in certain certificate programs of at least 18 credits with some course applicability into a related degree program.
(3) Represents revenue from tuition and other fees for students enrolled in University of Phoenix degree programs. Also includes revenue from tuition and other fees for students participating in University of Phoenix certificate programs of at least 18 credits in length with some course applicability into a related degree program.
Apollo Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
      As of
($ in thousands)

November 30,


August 31,

Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 776,009 $ 1,276,375
Restricted cash and cash equivalents 351,575 318,334
Accounts receivable, net 201,456 198,279
Prepaid taxes 5,041 26,341
Deferred tax assets, current portion 55,489 69,052
Other current assets 64,513   49,609  
Total current assets 1,454,083 1,937,990
Property and equipment, net 546,520 571,629
Goodwill 103,558 103,345
Intangible assets, net 145,789 149,034
Deferred tax assets, less current portion 80,446 77,628
Other assets 38,521   28,696  
Total assets $ 2,368,917   $ 2,868,322  
Current liabilities
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt $ 22,236 $ 638,588
Accounts payable 63,202 74,872
Income taxes payable 60,717
Student deposits 381,124 362,143
Deferred revenue 262,813 254,555
Accrued and other current liabilities 263,433   324,881  
Total current liabilities 1,053,525 1,655,039
Long-term debt 75,562 81,323
Deferred tax liabilities 16,096 15,881
Other long-term liabilities 203,705   191,756  
Total liabilities 1,348,888   1,943,999  
Commitments and contingencies
Shareholders' equity
Preferred stock, no par value
Apollo Group Class A nonvoting common stock, no par value 103 103
Apollo Group Class B voting common stock, no par value 1 1
Additional paid-in capital 41,311 93,770
Apollo Group Class A treasury stock, at cost (3,864,989 ) (3,878,612 )
Retained earnings 4,876,645 4,743,150
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (34,188 ) (30,034 )
Total Apollo shareholders' equity 1,018,883   928,378  
Noncontrolling interests (deficit) 1,146   (4,055 )
Total equity 1,020,029   924,323  
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 2,368,917   $ 2,868,322  
Apollo Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
      Three Months Ended November 30,       % of Net Revenue
(In thousands, except per share data) 2012     2011 2012     2011
Net revenue $ 1,055,183   $ 1,171,900   100.0 % 100.0 %
Costs and expenses:
Instructional and student advisory 432,150 453,281 40.9 % 38.7 %
Marketing 162,873 165,564 15.4 % 14.1 %
Admissions advisory 71,308 101,388 6.8 % 8.7 %
General and administrative 73,539 79,899 7.0 % 6.8 %
Depreciation and amortization 43,695 46,167 4.1 % 3.9 %
Provision for uncollectible accounts receivable 33,406 41,583 3.2 % 3.6 %
Restructuring and other charges

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