Sometimes things happen for no reason. Exhibit A: the stock market rally that started around noon. Despite great news in the housing sector, a veritable boatload of less encouraging events kept stocks trading within a tight range throughout the morning -- that is, until the algorithms took over. As of 2:45 p.m. EST, the Dow Jones Industrial Average is up 35 points, or 0.26%.

As my colleague Dan Dzombak noted earlier, traders were confronted with no fewer than five economic reports issued today. On the positive side, third-quarter GDP expanded at a faster pace than previously estimated, existing-home sales shot up nearly 12% in November, and the FHFA home price index similarly advanced by 0.5%. On the downside, new unemployment claims increased by 17,000 last week, and the Conference Board Leading Economic Index moved into negative territory.

Additionally, recent reports from Washington suggest that the two political parties are once again at loggerheads over the fiscal-cliff negotiations. The markets have rallied over the last few weeks as signs of progress continued to accumulate. Last weekend, House Republicans finally relented and are now willing to increase tax rates on Americans earning more than $1 million per year. Meanwhile, President Obama increased his threshold to $400,000, up from an original $250,000. But this week, progress has ground to a halt, with the Republicans proposing a so-called "plan B" and the Democrats planning to vote against it.


In terms of individual stocks, the best-performing component of the Dow is Bank of America , followed closely by JPMorgan Chase . Much of this is likely due to the upbeat news from the housing sector, as both banks are sitting on billions of dollars' worth of mortgages. Earlier in the week, moreover, noted bank bear Meredith Whitney improved her outlook for the sector overall and Bank of America specifically.

Heading lower, on the other hand, are a handful of technology companies including Intel , IBM , and Cisco Systems . The ongoing stalemate over the fiscal cliff is taking its toll here, as these companies rely on business investment, which is waning in the face of the ongoing economic and political uncertainty.

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The article Why the Market Gained Traction originally appeared on Fool.com.

John Maxfield owns shares of Bank of America and Intel. The Motley Fool owns shares of Bank of America, International Business Machines, Intel, and JPMorgan Chase & Co. Motley Fool newsletter services recommend Cisco Systems, International Business Machines, and Intel. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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