Senate Legislation Targets Cyberstalking Software

Senate legislation targets cyberstalking softwareWASHINGTON (AP) - For around $50, a jealous wife or husband can download software that can continuously track the whereabouts of a spouse better than any private detective. It's frighteningly easy and effective in an age when nearly everyone carries a cellphone that can record every moment of a person's physical movements. But it soon might be illegal.

The Senate Judiciary Committee was expected Thursday to approve legislation that would close a legal loophole that allows so-called cyberstalking apps to operate secretly on a cellphone and transmit the user's location information without a person's knowledge.

The bill, sponsored by Sen. Al Franken, D-Minn., would update laws passed years before wireless technology revolutionized communications. Telephone companies currently are barred from disclosing to businesses the locations of people when they make a traditional phone call. But there's no such prohibition when communicating over the Internet. If a mobile device sends an email, links to a website or launches an app, the precise location of the phone can be passed to advertisers, marketers and others without the user's permission.

The ambiguity has created a niche for companies like Retina Software, which makes ePhoneTracker and describes it as "stealth phone spy software."

"Suspect your spouse is cheating?" the company's website says. "Don't break the bank by hiring a private investigator."

An emailed statement from Retina Software said the program is for the lawful monitoring of a cellphone that the purchaser of the software owns and has a right to monitor. If there is evidence the customer doesn't own the phone, the account is closed, the company said. The program is not intended or marketed for malicious purposes, the statement said.

But Franken and supporters of his bill said there is no way to ensure the rules are followed. These programs can be installed in moments, perhaps while the cellphone's actual owner is sleeping or in the shower. The apps operate invisibly to the cellphone's user. They can silently record text messages, call logs, physical locations and visits to websites. All the information is relayed to an email address chosen by the installer.

Even if people do discover the software is installed on their phones, they often don't know what to do about it, said Rick Mislan, a professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology who specializes in mobile security and forensics. "Law enforcement usually won't help them because they've got bigger fish to fry," he said.

Victim's advocacy groups said Franken's bill is a common-sense step to curb stalking and domestic violence by weakening a tool that gives one person power over another.

"It's really, really troubling that an industry would see an opportunity to make money off of strengthening someone's opportunity to control and threaten another individual," said Karen Jarmoc, executive director of the Connecticut Coalition Against Domestic Violence.

A domestic violence case in St. Louis County, Minn., helped persuade Franken to introduce his bill. A woman had entered a county building to meet with her advocate when she received a text message from her abuser asking her why she was there, according to congressional testimony delivered last year by the National Network to End Domestic Violence. Frightened, she and her advocate went to the local courthouse to file for a protective order. She got another text demanding to know why she was at the courthouse. They later determined her abuser was tracing her movements with an app that had been placed on her cellphone. The woman was not identified by name in the congressional testimony.

Franken's proposal would make companies subject to civil liability if they fail to secure permission before obtaining location information from a person's cellphone and sharing it with anyone else. They also would be liable if they fail to tell a user no later than seven days after the service begins that the program is running on their phone. Companies would face a criminal penalty if they knowingly operate an app with the intent to facilitate stalking.

The bill includes an exception to the permission requirement for parents who want to place tracking software on the cellphones of minor children without them being aware it is there.

An organization representing software companies opposes Franken's bill because it said the user consent requirement would curb innovation in the private sector without adequately addressing the problem of cyberstalking. Voluntary but enforceable codes of conduct for the industry are more effective methods for increasing transparency and consumer confidence, said David LeDuc, senior director for public policy at the Software & Information Industry Association.

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Al Franken is a comedian, and his legislation is generally a joke. How did this clown get elected?

December 14 2012 at 3:53 PM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to dfoster's comment

He was voted in by other clowns!

December 14 2012 at 6:21 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

The same clowns who voted Obama.

December 15 2012 at 5:26 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply


December 14 2012 at 11:15 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply

The best way not to be tracked - leave your phone at home. Next way is to turn it off and remove the battery
until you need to make a call. The entire world lived without a cell phone for thousands of years. You can, too!

December 14 2012 at 11:01 AM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to tevroc143's comment

If it's my phone, or I'm paying for it,,, I want to track it. Great to see where minors are going, and what they are doing! All parents should want this. I didn't say "they had to use it", but it should be there for them.

December 14 2012 at 6:24 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Better leave the car with it's black box also. Soon we'll have to leave our chipped hands behind. Control under NWO.

December 15 2012 at 5:29 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply


December 14 2012 at 9:45 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply