The year is nearing its end, and now's a good opportunity to look at what happened throughout 2012 to the stocks you follow. If you know the important things a company achieved, as well as any challenges it failed to overcome, then you can make a better decision about whether it really deserves a spot in your portfolio.

Today, I'll look at IBM . As the most influential member of the Dow Jones Industrials because of its high per-share stock price, the pioneering technology leader has had more than 100 years of bringing innovative new products to business users and consumers. Along the way, though, it has had to reinvent itself numerous times to keep up with changing trends. Will IBM continue to stay nimble? Read on for more on what moved shares of IBM in 2012.

Stats on IBM

Year-to-date stock return

6.1%

Market cap

$217 billion

Total revenue, trailing 12 months

$104.7 billion

Net income, trailing 12 months

$16.3 billion

1-year revenue growth

(1.7%)

1-year earnings growth

4.1%

Dividend yield

1.8%

CAPS rating (out of 5)

****


Source: S&P Capital IQ.

Why has IBM risen slightly this year?
Many longtime investors know IBM as a pioneer in creating hardware. From electric typewriters and mainframes to PCs, IBM has been at the forefront of innovation for decades.

Yet 2012 is a great example of how IBM never lingers long enough in one niche to become completely dependent on it. As we saw yesterday, headwinds in PC demand have wrought havoc on PC-microprocessor specialist Intel , leaving the company scurrying to find ways to promote PC-offshoots like Ultrabooks as well as gaining entry into the mobile-device market.

Rather than getting stuck in PCs, though, IBM has pushed outward in multiple directions for years. Most recently, it has made a commitment to "big data," looking to press forward into innovative markets such as cloud-computing storage solutions and data processing. Although rival Oracle as well as fellow Dow stocks Cisco Systems and Microsoft have followed in IBM's footsteps, they're largely behind IBM in terms of level of advancement.

Still, one reason IBM's stock is lagging behind the Dow's superior return is that its revenue has started to decline recently. In the third quarter, sales fell 5%. Yet with IBM's competitors also having a lot of trouble, IBM is holding up reasonably well, all told.

In the long run, IBM appears to remain on track to meet its roadmap goals of $20 per share earnings by 2015. In fact, if big tech can catch an updraft, IBM could easily see its shares soar from current levels.

Learn more about tech
To truly understand IBM, it's helpful to look at the achievements and mistakes that other tech giants have made. For instance, Cisco is still at the core of networking, but it has fallen so low that it's now on the radar of value-oriented dividend lovers. To see whether Cisco is a better buy than IBM and other tech stocks, be sure to read our research report on Cisco. The report also has you covered with a full year of free analyst updates to keep you informed as its story changes, so click here now to read more.

Click here to add IBM to My Watchlist, which can find all of our Foolish analysis on it and all your other stocks.

The article IBM in 2012: Big Blue Keeps Pushing Higher originally appeared on Fool.com.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger has no positions in the stocks mentioned above. You can follow him on Twitter, @DanCaplinger. The Motley Fool owns shares of IBM, Intel, Microsoft, and Oracle. Motley Fool newsletter services recommend IBM, Intel, and Microsoft. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools don't all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Copyright © 1995 - 2012 The Motley Fool, LLC. All rights reserved. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.


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