SYDNEY -- Low interest rates could fuel a housing bubble in Australia as consumers and investors look to take advantage of lower mortgage rates, according to Moody's Investor Service.

Several commentators have suggested we are already in a housing bubble in Australia, with The Economist suggesting house prices were already 36% above their fair value in its August update. Credit rating agency Moody's has warned the Reserve Bank of Australia and banking regulators that a housing bubble could leave Australia more vulnerable to a crash.

The Australian Financial Review, The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority, and the RBA have suggested in recent weeks that they are already warning banks about a U.S.-style lending surge, should they not maintain high credit standards. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ASX: ANZ.AX), Commonwealth Bank of Australia (ASX: CBA.AX), National Australia Bank (ASX: NAB.AX), and Westpac Banking Corporation (ASX: WBC.AX) are struggling with a low-credit-growth environment. It may be tempting for the banks to relax credit standards to pick up more growth.

Lower interest rates could encourage borrowers to load up on more debt at a time when household debts are still fairly high. A housing crash could see many homeowners over-leveraged and owing more than their houses are worth -- similar to what happened in the U.S. However, unlike the U.S., where banks in many states don't have recourse to people's other assets, Australian banks can pursue borrowers to recover any shortfalls between a home loan and the sale value of the house.

House prices have recently started to rise, and the RBA may have been reluctant to cut rates to avoid fueling more growth in property prices. Unfortunately for the central bank, it's stuck between a rock and a hard place, with exports struggling, commodity prices falling, and signs indicating job weakness. At the same time, other central banks are cutting their interest rates and releasing economic stimulus, putting more upward pressure on our dollar.

Foolish takeaway
We've seen what happened in the U.S. when consumers took on debts they couldn't pay -- and the same situation for European governments. The lesson is to reduce your debts and not be lulled into a false sense of security. Just because housing prices haven't crashed in Australia doesn't mean they can't.

If you are looking for ASX investing ideas, look no further than our brand-new free report: "The Motley Fool's Top Stock for 2012-13." In this free report, Investment Analyst Scott Phillips names his top pick for fiscal 2013 -- and beyond. Click here now to find out the name of this small but growing software company with huge potential. But hurry -- the report is free for only a limited period of time.

More reading


Increase your money and finance knowledge from home

Investing Like Warren Buffett

Learn from one of the world's best investors.

View Course »

Behavioral Finance

Why do investors make the decisions that they do?

View Course »

Add a Comment

*0 / 3000 Character Maximum