Private Student Loans: The Subprime Mortgages of the College World

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Student loans and student debt
With more than $1 trillion in student loans outstanding, many students and graduates are struggling under the weight of huge amounts of debt. But as a report from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau reveals, one fairly small part of the student loan market appears to be most responsible for many of the problems borrowers face: private student loans.

According to the CFPB report, borrowers have more than $150 billion in private student loan debt. Yet the market for private student loans is still a pretty small niche, making up just 7% of total student loans originated in 2010-2011.

But go back a few years, and you would have seen a much different story. During the mid-2000s, investor demand for securities backed by private student loans led to a big growth surge in lending activity. Just as subprime mortgages opened up the housing market to less creditworthy borrowers, so too did lax lending standards for many private loans sow the seeds for trouble later on, with students taking out loans they didn't need and borrowing more than they could afford.

The CFPB report points out some of the consequences. More than 850,000 loans have defaulted since 1999, involving more than $8 billion in debt. Because private student loans don't come with the same deferment, forbearance, and debt forgiveness options that many government loans have, borrowers have a lot less flexibility in handling problems once they arise. Moreover, even bankruptcy isn't a good option for troublesome private student loans because of tighter bankruptcy laws governing courts and their ability to discharge student loan debt.

For-Profit Problems

The report notes the big role that for-profit colleges have played in boosting private student loans. Citing 2008 statistics, 42% of undergraduates at for-profit colleges used a private student loan, compared to just 14% of undergraduates overall.

But the report doesn't call out all private student loans. As the Education Finance Council noted in its response to the study, the CFPB found that default rates on nonprofit, state-affiliated lenders are about half those of for-profit lenders.

Despite recommendations from the CFPB to make the private loan process more transparent and easy to understand for prospective borrowers, the real challenge comes from rising college costs. As long as young people need a college education in order to succeed, demand will keep prices high and drive many students into credit problems that will take them years to overcome.

For more on education and your money:

Motley Fool contributor Dan Caplinger only spent a modest amount of his loan money on pizza. You can follow him on Twitter here.


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ali.cherish

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My mom and dad never went to the doctors before medicare, right after it was enacted they practically went twice a month. Just wait, woe to the taxpayers of America. Anything that is somewhat free wil will be over-used and abused.

July 31 2012 at 11:25 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
maa2626

never borrow unless you have a plan to pay it back. will the degree I am pursuing allow me to pay back my loan and have enough to live on? If not come up with a plan B. As a parent you must help your child work thru the economics of borrowing money AND paying it back. If you do not guide your children in the ways economic, you, your child and your childs children are doomed to economic serfdom.

July 24 2012 at 6:10 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
thefacts22

Have any of the liberals that are so much for "gun control" stop to think that it might be that it could be that the colorado maniac used the scholarship funds to buy his "warfare" toys?

July 23 2012 at 9:48 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
tsimpson2333

College loans are responsible for the higher tuition. Collages had to be able to accomodate the additional enrollment so they expanded their facilities, but with plenty of plush, i.e swimming pools, delux condos. etc. all to enduce students to pick their college. Now wait and see how fast health-care costs will jump as the giovernment gets in the health-care business. When medicare was enacted no one wanted medicare, especially doctors, now everyone loves medicare. Why because it is free. My mom and dad never went to the doctors before medicare, right after it was enacted they practically went twice a month. Just wait, woe to the taxpayers of America. Anything that is somewhat free wil will be over-used and abused.

July 22 2012 at 4:32 PM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to tsimpson2333's comment
AL1PA

FREE? Not hardly. Those on Medicare are paying and paying through the nose. I believe you may be talking about Medicaid, now that is the one that all those on WELFARE lay on and use the emergency rooms as their own personal doctor. So! MEDICARE is absolutely NOT free.

July 22 2012 at 8:00 PM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply
nklswrth

If you're going attend a private, unaccredited for-profit college, your better off saving your money and paying someone to forge your degree. Or, do I repeat myself......?

July 22 2012 at 11:32 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply