Can You Have Too Much Credit?

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Mae WestBy Gerri Detweiler

"Too much of a good thing can be wonderful," said film star Mae West. But what about too much credit? Is having a lot of credit a wonderful thing as well?

When most people think about having too much credit, they are thinking of one of three things:
  1. Too much debt
  2. Too many accounts
  3. Too much available credit

There are a couple of different ways to look at each of those items. The first, of course, is how that factor will be considered when a credit score is calculated. Will it help or hurt your credit score? The other is how a lender might view that individual factor. Remember, lenders can supplement scores with their own standards. When you get a mortgage loan, for example, the lender will likely look at your credit scores and your debt-to-income ratios.

Let's look at each of those three factors a little more closely.

Too Much Debt

Yes, you can have too much debt, but how much is too much depends on the type of debt and who's asking the question. According to FICO, the debt you carry makes up about 30% of your score. That category includes things like the amount you owe on specific types of accounts, the number of accounts with balances, the proportion of credit lines used (proportion of balances to total credit limits on certain types of revolving accounts -- often referred to as "utilization"), and the proportion of installment loan amounts still owing (proportion of balance to original loan amount on certain types of installment loans.) If your curious about how your debt is affecting your credit score, Credit.com's Credit Report Card will show you for free.

While that sounds like a mouthful, the bottom line is that paying off debt doesn't hurt your scores and can save you money in interest. Since credit cards often carry higher interest rates than installment loans like auto, mortgage, or student loans, paying your credit cards off can improve your cash flow and may even help your credit scores.

What about students who graduate with $25,000 or more in student loan debt? Will that hurt their scores? "No," says Barry Paperno, a credit industry veteran and Credit.com's Community Director. (He's talking about FICO scores in particular here.) "While the amount of revolving debt (credit cards, for example) figures very prominently in credit scoring, the same cannot be said for installment debt. How you pay and the length of time you've had an installment loan can strongly impact the score, but the amount you owe does not -- as long as it's being paid on time."

In addition, an individual lender may look at your debt-to-income ratios and either decline your application or charge more if your monthly debt payments eat up too much of your monthly income. (Credit reports don't provide reliable income information, so debt-to-income ratios aren't included in credit scores.)


Too Many Accounts

Three auto loans? Seven credit cards? Four mortgages? Eight student loans? None of these are completely unrealistic scenarios these days. A household where Mom, Dad and one of the kids has a car may easily have three car loans. Someone who bought a rental property during the real estate boom could have four mortgages: two on the home they live in and two on their rental property. And recent college grads may have a half dozen or more student loans.

But how many is too many? If there is an optimal number, you're never going to know what it is since it is part of a sophisticated and proprietary algorithm. And even if you had a specific number of accounts to shoot for, you would still be stuck with the accounts you have on your report since closing accounts doesn't make them disappear.

"While not a heavily weighted part of scoring, there are 'optimal' numbers of accounts of varying types (revolving, installment, etc.) the scoring formula looks for, based on your overall credit profile," says Paperno. When above or below such optimal numbers of accounts, you can lose a few points off your score. These scoring factors do not, however, take into consideration whether an account is open or closed --- only that they appear on the credit report.

Bottom line, this is one of those things that's just not worth getting stressed about. If you have a lot of accounts already, lay low for a while and don't open more unless you really need the loan (a new auto loan so you can replace your clunker, for example, or a low-rate personal loan to pay off a high-rate credit card). In the scheme of things, how you manage your payments on your accounts is the most important factor, and well within your control.

Too Much Available Credit

This is one of the questions we get all the time at Credit.com. Consumers wonder if they should close some of their credit cards because their total credit limits are so high. They worry that lenders must see that as risky: After all, if they decided to suddenly use all that credit they could really get into trouble.

"No, there's nothing about having a lot of credit available that can hurt your score," says Paperno. "In fact, all other things being equal, more revolving credit availability can, for some, mean a lower credit utilization ratio (balances compared to credit limits), which can actually help the credit score."

So if your credit card issuers have been especially generous with your credit limits, don't worry that those high limits will tank your scores.

Want proof that you can have a lot of credit and a great score? Read about Scott Bilker who has 50+ credit cards and a great credit score.

For more Credit 101, check out these posts:

Gerri Detweiler, Credit.com's, Personal Finance Expert, focuses on financial legislation, budgeting, debt recovery and consumer savings information. She is also the co-author of
Debt Collection Answers: How to Use Debt Collection Laws to Protect Your Rights, and Reduce Stress: Real-Life Solutions for Solving Your Credit Crisis as well as host of Talk Credit Radio. Reach Gerri at creditexperts@credit.com.

Source: Credit.com (http://s.tt/1fUH9)
Credit.com's Personal Finance Expert, Gerri focuses on financial legislation, budgeting, debt recovery and consumer savings information. She is also the co-author of Debt Collection Answers: How to Use Debt Collection Laws to Protect Your Rights, and Reduce Stress: Real-Life Solutions for Solving Your Credit Crisis as well as host of TalkCreditRadio.comTalk Credit Radio. Reach Gerri at creditexperts@credit.com.

Source: Credit.com (http://s.tt/1fUH9)


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7 Comments

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Charlotte

Know your options, debt settlement can be the fastest credit card relief program. http://nomorecreditcards.com/credit-card-relief-programs/

October 29 2012 at 5:48 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Charlotte

Know your options, debt settlement can be the fastest credit card relief program. http://www.dailyfinance.com/2012/06/26/can-you-have-too-much-credit/

October 29 2012 at 5:09 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
goldaxe

Credit is A scam for banks to rob people.

June 27 2012 at 3:33 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Rob

debt is dumb, there is no such thing as good debt http://from0toonemillion.blogspot.com/2011/08/why-i-hate-debt.html

June 27 2012 at 11:41 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to Rob's comment
vlady1000

if you use debt to make more money than you are paying in interest, that is good debt. However, there may be some added risk in doing so. Debt is a tool, and when used correctly, it can make you more money. Most use debt to buy wants, and that costs you even more.

June 28 2012 at 1:02 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Artie

Borrowing money IS the "American Way" of life.The idea you can get something now and pay later has grown exponentially to the point of absurdity. This goes not only for individuals but the entire dopey country led by an irresponsible government controlled by special interests and greedy bastards. The problem is beyond out -of control. This irresponsibility and greed is going to come back and bit us all on the ass. Despite it all, these banks and financial institutions keep offerring and encouraging the use of more and more credit as if it doesn't have to be paid back. And then these financial institutions as well some of these brainiac financial geniuses and economists out there encourage even more borrowing. Apparently, if the country doesn't continually spend and borrow money, the economy will grind to a halt. Where does the buck stop? It is totally absurd how much rope banks and other lending institutions will grant people to hang themselves.This largely caused the housing melt down and the global economic crisis we face on a day to day basis. And, not to be outdone by the greedy lending institutions themselves are the irresponsible imbeciles who think they can borrow endlessly not face the consequences. Both are to blame but the ultimate responsibility rests with the borrower and an education system that has failed miserably to teach personal finance 101.

June 27 2012 at 10:14 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Bill

No one ever addresses co signing. I co signed a couple of student loans and they have been haunting me for years. Who knows when(if ever) these will ever get paid off, but the credit bureaus see them as my loans and it affects my score.

June 27 2012 at 5:41 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to Bill's comment
Amos R XIE

Why did you co sign that?

July 11 2012 at 7:25 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
cpo1514

Little Timmy say Barry told him to borrow all you can.... the 'rich ' will pay for it/// Right Barry???

June 26 2012 at 7:03 PM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to cpo1514's comment
whackjobtwo

C3PO:.........ME GEORGE BUSH AND THE RETHUGLICANS BORROWED MORE THAN OBAMA HAS, I BORROWED TRILLIONS FROM CHINA AND JUST ADDED IT TO OUR DEBT. THAT IS WHY I RAISED THE DEBT LIMIT 6 TIMES JUST SO I COULD SPEND MORE MONEY. I EVEN LOST $60 BILLION DOLLARS TO WASTE AND FRAUD IN BOTH OF MY WARS. I'M STILL WAITING FOR MITT MORMONBOT TO BOAST ABOUT MY RECORD.

June 26 2012 at 11:20 PM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to whackjobtwo's comment
n5monthsocrapleft

ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT PRESIDENT BUSH'S 4.9 UNEMPLOYMENT RATE N 14000 "PLUS" STOCK MARKET ON FEB~20~08...THAT ONE ? ? ? ?

June 27 2012 at 9:54 PM Report abuse rate up rate down