The diversion of tolls for unrelated projects undermines the "user pays" principle behind transportation tolls and weakens public support for them, Chris Plaushin, director of federal relations for AAA, told a hearing of the highway subcommittee of the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee.
A bill introduced by Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., the subcommittee chairman, would give the secretary of transportation the power to reject toll increases on highways and bridges that receive federal aid if they are judged to be excessive. Plaushin and a trucking official said they support the bill, but an official representing state departments of transportation expressed concern that it would hinder the ability of states to pay for transportation needs.
Federal and state gas and diesel taxes have paid for the bulk of highway costs since construction of the interstate highway system began in the 1950s. But Congress hasn't raised the 18.4 cents-a-gallon federal gas tax in nearly two decades. Not only has the buying power of the tax eroded, but tax revenue also is down because people are driving less and the fuel efficiency of cars is increasing.
But raising fuel taxes, especially when gas prices are already high, is politically unpalatable. As a result, states are increasingly turning to tolls to pay for upkeep of roads and bridges, as well as a way build expanded capacity.
"We're not anti-tolling, but we think some accountability in the process is needed," Plaushin said.
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The hearing was prompted by significant toll hikes approved last year by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. It now costs as much as $12 for motorists paying cash rather an using an automated toll system to cross between New York and New Jersey using the Lincoln and Holland tunnels, or the George Washington bridge and other bridges. Because of those and other recently approved increases in the Northeast, by the year 2015 a trip from Baltimore to New York will cost a 5-axle truck more than $209 in tolls, said Steve Grabell, chief financial officer of the New Jersey trucking firm NFI, who testified on behalf of the trucking industry.
The hearing was marked by several acrimonious exchanges between Lautenberg and Bill Baroni, the Port Authority's deputy executive director. When Lautenberg questioned Baroni on whether he thought $12 was a "fair" toll, Baroni ignored the question. Instead, he switched the subject, pointing out that at one time Lautenberg had a free E-Z Pass - an automated toll charging system that enables motorists to use faster toll lanes - paid for by the Port Authority because he had formerly been a Port Authority commissioner.
"I'm not going to comment on who said what and when," Baroni responded.
"You are going to comment," Lautenberg fired back, reminding Baroni that he had an obligation to testify truthfully. Baroni said he was "offended" by the inference he wasn't telling the truth.
After several more testy exchanges, Lautenberg abruptly gaveled the hearing to a close.