Since the start of the year, 117 companies in the Standard & Poor's 500 index said they would raise or start paying dividends. That amounts to a record increase of $16.6 billion, according to Howard Silverblatt, senior index analyst at S&P. Just 78 companies raised their dividends in the same period a year ago.
The surge in dividends reflects a turning point in the long recovery from the financial meltdown in 2008. In the months that followed, companies were frozen by fear. In many cases, the answer was to slash or eliminate dividends and do what many Americans did: put cash in the bank and sit on it. As a result, U.S. companies have amassed a record $940 billion in cash.
But now the economy is recovering, profits are rising and investors are demanding something for their patience. The easiest way to keep investors happy, besides a rising share price, is to restore or raise dividends. JPMorgan Chase & Co., for example, is increasing its dividend by a record $3.1 billion.
Even companies that have long resisted dividends are instituting them. Cisco Systems Inc. said it would begin paying shareholders $1.3 billion per year, a record amount for a first-time dividend payer.
Here is more evidence of the dividend boom:
- Financial companies raised dividends by $7 billion, accounting for 42 percent of all S&P 500 dividend increases. That came after the Federal Reserve announced March 18 it would allow some banks to raise dividends if they passed certain "stress tests." JPMorgan, Wells Fargo & Co. and State Street were among those that increased their dividends for the first time since the financial crisis. Citigroup Inc. reinstated its dividend.
- Ten S&P 500 companies announced during the first quarter that they would begin paying dividends. That's the most for any three-month period since at least 2003, when Silverblatt began collecting data. Besides Cisco, discount department store Kohl's and health benefits company WellPoint also became first-time dividend payers.
- Besides financials, industrial companies and businesses focused on consumer products had the most dividend increases during the quarter. Among those raising their dividends: cruise operator Carnival Corp., retailer Limited Brands and manufacturer Eaton Corp.
A strong recovery in dividends hasn't make up for the losses sustained since the financial crisis. The total amount of money that large U.S. companies are paying in dividends is still running about 13 percent below the peak in mid-2008.
Some of the companies that have raised dividends aren't back to where they were before the recession. That is particularly true for banks and other financial services companies. Their dividend yield, which measures how much cash is being paid per share, runs around 1.41 percent today, far below the 3.32 percent yield in 2007.
JPMorgan raised its annual dividend sharply, from 20 cents per share to $1 per share. That's still well below the $1.52 a share it paid in 2008.
Citigroup will pay just 4 cents a year, the maximum federal regulators are allowing the bank to pay under the provisions of its bailout package. Citigroup had paid as much as $2.16 per share before the financial crisis.
Bank of America Corp. wasn't given the OK by the Fed to raise its dividend, which is also just 4 cents per share. At its peak in 2008, the company paid annual dividends of $2.56 per share.
"Companies are paying more dividends, but they are also taking it slow," Silverblatt says. "Dividends are far from being completely back."