guy in tux with fast food - food pricesFood prices rose 3.9% last month, marking the biggest jump in 36 years, which is certain to affect the groceries people buy and the restaurants they dine at.

The Labor Department's Producer Price Index for February rose 1.6% -- the largest increase since June 2009. About 70% of the rise in food prices is from higher prices for fresh and dry vegetables, which jumped 48.7%.

Much of the increase in food costs can be attributed to rising crude oil prices, and climate change that creates erratic weather conditions and leads to smaller crop yields, said Will Boland, chief administrative officer at Sageworks, a company that follows trends in privately-held businesses.Sales in 2010 at privately-held sit-down restaurants increased 2.97%, a turnaround from the 2.57% drop the previous year, according to Sageworks' data. The restaurants' costs, however, increased last year, cutting far enough into gross margins so that they may no longer be able to eat the loss.

"There's not a whole lot of room to absorb or contain increased food costs," Boland said.

Private grocery stores also are seeing higher costs affect how much shoppers spend, with sales up only 1.57% last year, compared to around a 5% increase in previous years, excepting a 0.32% drop in 2009.

The several hundred non-chain independent restaurants that Sageworks surveys are usually hit hardest by economic downturns because they're small and don't have the money to withstand a long recession. They're usually the last to raise menu prices, but they now may be forced to because of much higher food prices, Boland said. The good news for such small businesses is that usually they are lean operations and can cut costs quickly.

With wholesale food prices up 3.9% last month, which foods should you expect to see cost more? Corn prices rose 100% in February, and since corn is used in many foods, prices in many areas could rise. The price of meat is going up along with the price of the corn that feeds livestock, which means your ham or steak sandwich will cost more. And wheat prices are also rising, so the bread in that sandwich will also take more out of your wallet.

Higher oil and gas prices aren't the only areas driving up food prices. Emerging middle-class economies in China and Brazil mean higher demand for meat and higher prices too.

As Americans think twice about spending on travel and other discretionary items, the option of dining out is becoming another cost to reconsider.

Aaron Crowe is a freelance journalist in the San Francisco Bay area.

Increase your money and finance knowledge from home

Economics 101

Intro to economics. But fun.

View Course »

Timing Your Spending

How to pay less by changing when you purchase.

View Course »

Add a Comment

*0 / 3000 Character Maximum

1 Comment

Filter by:

Food prices have been jumping upt tremendously during the past few years. The inflation rate that the
Government gives us in no way reflects the increases that we are feeling at the Grocery store. It seems that
Fish prices have doubled in the past few years. Even tins of Tuna are twice as expensive as just a few short
years ago. I suppose the fishing trawlers that operate with Diesel are just passing the high fuel costs that
they have endured.

Not just fuel costs directly, but there are fuel surcharges on our Garbage bills that we pay. Also, our
Cable bills little by little are increasing.

We can also expect our Insurance on Auto and homes and businesses to go up this year from the
terrible 2011 tornado and storms with much Hail damage. Also the large Tsunami and earthquake
in Japan has taxed the Re-insurance industry and they are passing it along to your Insurance
company that will pass it along to you.

Meanwhile, Fed chairman Bernanke, and Treasurey Sec. are keeping the intereste rates low by printing
money and lending it to banks ar rates of 0 to .25%. That is the reason that your parents or grandparents
are getting a very low Interest rate somewhere around .30 to .40% for their liftiem Savings that they
have accumulated hoping to use with Social Security for a secure retirement. This in essence is like taking
advantage of Rtired people and it keeps the Feds huge borrowing problems from having to pay such
high interest rates on their huge National Debt. Also by not counting gasoline as part of the inflations
cause, they do not have to pay Seniors a big increase in their Social Security Checks.

An army combat veteran

April 22 2012 at 4:35 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply