I recently had an opportunity to speak with a high school senior who was evaluating financial aid offers from the colleges he'd been accepted to. He'd applied to a mix of small, private, liberal arts colleges, one in-state public college and a community college.

When the financial aid award letter from one of these private colleges came, it required $6,500 in federal student loans for the first year alone -- and, on top of that, his family would also need to come up with an additional $10,180 to meet the difference between the cost of the college and the amount of grants and student loans the school had set him up with.

Given that this young man qualified for free lunch in school, it seems unlikely that his parents will have the means to come up with an additional $10,180 for the first year, which would mean either more student loans or -- as the school actually suggested in the letter -- borrowing money through something like a PLUS loan.

Is It Really "Right"?

It would likely be a financial disaster for him and his family if he decided to do what he had to do to go to this private college. That left me wondering: Was there really any benefit to the school in accepting him if it knew he didn't have the resources to afford it, and was either unwilling or unable to provide him with sufficient financial aid to make attending a prudent move for him?

The idea of need-blind admissions -- which some colleges have said is simply the "right thing" to do -- is noble: Offering qualified applicants admission to a university, regardless of their financial circumstances. At a handful of highly selective, extremely well-endowed schools, the results of these policies are wonderful, because those schools have the resources to provide sufficiently generous financial aid packages to meet those students' needs. Amherst College, for example, no longer includes student loans in its financial aid packages.

But few colleges have the resources of an Amherst, with its $1.3 billion endowment (according to its 2010 annual report). In too many cases, need-blind admissions lead to Catch-22s for many of the students they are intended to benefit: Those young scholars are accepted to their dream schools, but under circumstances that would make it financial suicide for them to attend.

There would be no shame in a college simply admitting: "We would love to be need-blind in our admissions, but the fact is that we simply don't have the resources to provide all the necessary financial aid for everyone we accept. So if the combination of our financial aid program and your family's resources won't be enough to allow you to come to our school without incurring excessive debt, we're going to turn you down and wish you the best of luck at a college that is a better financial fit. We care about you too much to offer you a chance to ruin your financial life."

It lacks the politically correct sound-bite power of "We accept all students regardless of financial resources."

But such benevolence without the resources to back it up doesn't help anyone.

Zac Bissonnette's Debt-Free U: How I Paid For An Outstanding College Education Without Loans, Scholarships, Or Mooching Off My Parents was called the "best and most troubling book ever about the college admissions process" by The Washington Post.

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sonjarajkovich

So let me see if I understand -- before deciding whether a particular student has earned a place at college based on the merits of his application (such as, oh, you know, his scholastic achievements, the content of his character, and other such trivial factors), the college should make sure the kid has "enough money." And who decides whether the kid has enough money? (Who decides that he doesn't have a wealthy maiden aunt who would be thrilled to pay for an "exclusive" college if only the young man or woman were to work like crazy to merit admission . . . ah, that fuzzy word again, merit?) Seriously, who gets to make that decision? I see you want it out of the hands of the individuals involved. So, who decides?

By this reasoning, I guess the financial status of the parents will have to be part of the admissions process for the youngster. I thought it already was, in the legacy pool. And it should now be spread to the whole applicant pool . . . hmm. What an interesting thought. Well, when it comes to dollars and cents, I suppose you can put a number on it that is more precise than grades or test scores. Perhaps we should just have the parents apply and declare their net worth for purposes of the initial triage. We can look at the actual student himself and consider the fuzzy, subjective stuff like "merit" later.

(You do know I'm mocking this . . . right?)

March 08 2011 at 2:12 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
Janice

Need-blind admissions isn't the same thing as a college promising to meet the financial needs of all students. Too bad the author doesn't understand this. Need-blind admission means that the student will be evaluated on performance and not finances. If the student then needs financial aid, that is a different story. The student deserves to know if he/she can get into that college without regard to finances.

March 07 2011 at 9:52 PM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply
jaysandersj

Zac,

Well said. High school guidance counselors should be forwarding your blog to parents. Higher ed needs a market correction, not easier financing.

Jay

March 07 2011 at 7:53 PM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply