Fed Chairman Ben BernankeDuring the heat of the financial crisis, Ben Bernanke's Federal Reserve doled out a mountain of money to keep the damage from getting any worse. But if you think American companies were the biggest beneficiaries of this largess, you'd be wrong. Foreign companies landed a whopping 68% of the billions of dollars the Fed spent as part of its lender-of-last-resort Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF), according to a DailyFinance review of data the Fed has recently released.

During the nearly 15-month program that began in late October 2008, the Fed purchased $395.9 billion in commercial paper from U.S. companies and from foreign companies that had U.S. issuers. Those foreign companies scored $267.9 billion, or nearly 68% of the program, while U.S. companies received $128.1 billion, or 32%.

Of the total 544 transactions under the CPFF, the gap narrowed between foreign and U.S. companies. Foreign companies accounted for 52.6% of the transactions and the U.S. the remainder.

Where Did the Money Go?

From the Fed's point of view, throwing aid to foreign companies would trickle down to the benefit of U.S. businesses and consumers. "Foreign-based institutions are important providers of credit to U.S. businesses and households. The Federal Reserve's broader policy was aimed at providing liquidity, to encourage a general willingness to lend, increase access to credit and support confidence in global financial markets," according to a statement from Jeff Smith, a spokesman for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, which financed the commercial paper purchases.

Federal Reserve Bailout Commercial Paper Purchases

But the Fed didn't track whether the liquidity it provided to these foreign parents of U.S. issuers was applied, or redirected, to the U.S. issuers of these foreign parents, says one source familiar with the situation. Nor was there any requirement that a percentage of the borrowed funds be applied or rerouted to these U.S. issuers of foreign parents.

So, for instance, the Fed isn't sure how much of the staggering $74.5 billion it lent to Swiss-based bank UBS (UBS) was redirected toward helping UBS's liquidity woes in the U.S. The Swiss banking giant captured the most funding among foreign companies under the program. But whether the company was big or small, like Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, which borrowed a modest $114 million, there was no accountability to determine whether these foreign-based institutions were truly putting their liquidity to use for the good of U.S. businesses and households.

"Jaw-Dropping Details"

The Fed's CPFF was just one of nearly a dozen programs the government launched during the economic crisis beginning in December 2007, according to a Fed announcement last week. These programs amounted to more than 21,000 individual credit and other transactions, which were designed to stabilize markets during the crisis and restore the flow of credit to American families and businesses. The Fed also acquired $1.25 trillion in mortgage-backed securities, doled out another $3.8 trillion in loans under its Term Auction Facility and funded a whopping $8.95 trillion with its Primary Dealer Credit Facility, as part of this broader effort.

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), for one, is appalled. "After years of stonewalling by the Fed, the American people are finally learning the incredible and jaw-dropping details of the Fed's multitrillion-dollar bailout of Wall Street and Corporate America. Perhaps most surprising is the huge sum that went to bail out foreign private banks and corporations. As a result of this [Federal Reserve] disclosure, other members of Congress and I will be taking a very extensive look at all aspects of how the Federal Reserve functions," Sanders said in a statement.

The Fed is on the hot seat as Republicans and Tea Party activists lob criticism at the agency. In an effort to defend its actions, the Fed has argued it hasn't taken a loss on any of its bailout programs to date.

Nonetheless, on the CPFF alone, the Fed is well aware of the potential controversy its program faced. In an internal report released in June, the CPFF noted: "The public sector's role in providing backstop liquidity to the shadow banking system will continue to be debated. Although the duration of the CPFF was necessarily limited, the facility provides a model for a market-based lender-of-last-resort liquidity backstop, which could serve as a guide for future policy discussion."

According to the critics, that's exactly the problem.

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Excellent article. British ex premier Brown told Christian Amonpoor (hope this is
spelt correctly) on Sunday morning that the USA needs to be a magnanimous friend
to our global neighbours, since this is the only economy in the world strong enough to be able to assist third world nations. Its wiser to subsidize our neighbours to minimize threats of war. THE PROBLEM IS WE HAVE BEEN DOING THIS EVER

We need to resolve this givaway nonsense and rebuild our economy, realizing that
charity begins at home, we must rebuild our own working class, which is the backbone of this huge economic engine that drives the worlds economy.

December 14 2010 at 11:05 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Of course the Fed hasn't lost any money on it's programs, what does it cost to print money other than paper and ink, and these days you know those trillions flowed in the form of electronic zero's thru computers. The whole thing is a joke, why won't these criminals be forced to print trillion for the American public, it ripped off , if they can just create dollars for foreign entities to use. It is high time to Abolish the Federal Reserve Banking cartel system, and let the governments of the world create their own money to spend without owing the banking cartel interest due on it. This is the " Global Debt crisis" The next thing cominig is one currency, mark my words.

December 08 2010 at 9:05 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

so now after nearly 100 years, some just might see the fed for what it is.....

December 08 2010 at 2:50 PM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply

Ms. Kawamoto: Excellent article.

December 08 2010 at 12:39 PM Report abuse +5 rate up rate down Reply