Denver's Lowry Air Force Base Defies the Odds After the Military Departs

Lowry Air Force Base, military base, Denver, Colorado, Lowry AFB, base closuresThe Department of Defense's Base Closure and Realignment Commission (BRAC) plans to close 20 military bases across the country by Sept. 15, 2011. Once a military facility closes, the ripple effect is felt throughout the surrounding communities: families lose neighbors, businesses lose customers and workers lose jobs. In this series of stories, DailyFinance looks at how closures have affected communities in the past, and at what some military families and the businesses that cater to them plan to do once their base closes.

When Denver's Lowry Air Force Base was placed on the 1991 BRAC list, area businesses and residents were worried. A major training center and the primary school for the Air Force's space flight program, Lowry cast a long shadow across the local economy and culture. Directly employing an estimated 7,000 people, it also housed thousands of families, many of whom spent their money and time in the surrounding community. The base's closure on April 27, 1994 not only removed a major employer but also took a big chunk out of the area's population -- and threatened its economy.

Saving Lowry From Financial Collapse

Tom Markham, the executive director of the Lowry Redevelopment Authority (LRA), still remembers when Lowry shut its doors: "When a base closes, the surrounding community loses jobs, as well as a major economic engine." Luckily, the federal government was quick to step in with funding, including development and infrastructure grants. Markham credits these programs with helping Denver and the nearby city of Aurora to get over the loss of Lowry: "We took advantage of those grants where we could. They were important in the early years."

Many base towns struggle to fill the void left behind by the military, but Lowry's closure coincided with a real estate boom in Denver, offering the LRA a unique opportunity -- and unique problems. Rather than having to worry about filling the empty base, the authority was able to focus on preserving the area's lifestyle and character. "Our first goal at Lowry was to make sure that development was compatible with the surrounding areas," says Markham. "For example, nearby neighborhoods didn't have big-box retailers, so we didn't [build] big-box retailers."

Gordon Von Stroh, a management professor at the University of Denver who was involved with the development, says planners were concerned with ensuring that "there's a nice transition from existing communities into the new communities."

A Military Base's Reinvention

"Education was part of the base's legacy," says Markham. "We wanted to continue that tradition. We set a goal of 10,000 residents, 10,000 jobs and 5,000 students. We're almost there." In addition to a Denver public school and high school that are located on the former base, Lowry is also home to community college campuses for both Denver and the nearby city of Aurora.

The military's legacy also remains in other areas. Although the LRA decided to demolish Lowry's landing strips, it saved and reused more than 30 military buildings that have historic or architectural value. Two old hangars have been repurposed as the Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum, and another one has been turned into the Big Bear Ice Rink. Other buildings are now filled with classrooms or condominiums.

Sixteen years after its closure, Lowry is, once again, a major economic machine in the Denver area. As Markham notes, between 1994 and 2008, the redevelopment contributed over $5.7 billion to the local community. Yet even now, he acknowledges how lucky Denver was to have benefited from a strong local economy and a city that was primed for development. Most of all, he notes, "We caught the market just right. I'd hate to be closing on 1,400 acres today."

See also:
A Maine Town's Long Recovery After Losing Loring AFB
Will Military Base Closures Mortally Wound Local Real Estate Markets?
Military Families Face Harsh Realities When Forced to Relocate
Cleaning Up the Toxic Legacy of Closed Military Bases
California's Castle Air Force Base Learns a Hard Lesson in Reinvention
Military Base Closures and the Towns They Leave Behind

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I retired from the United States Air Force in 1990 while I was stationed at Norton AFB in San Bernardino California. Norton AFB closed in the early 1990s. The Federal Government was going to sell the entire base, with all of it's buildings, for $1.00 to the local cities. There were about 6 local cities that fought hard to get a larger portion of the base. San Bernardino wanted to pay 50 cents so the would own one half of the base worth millions. The cities spent a lot of money to get a higher percentage of the base. The Federal Government got fed up and called the $1.00 deal off. The Government sold the base for high retail value. That should be a good lesson for other areas where there are base closures. The cities and towns will gain alot if they don't fight over the closed bases. If the cities and towns are offered a fantastic deal, take it while it's there. Thanks! Jack

August 18 2010 at 3:52 AM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply

I live in Fort Walton Beach Florida and I wish Eglin AFB would close. This base has hindered the growth around here since it was first established. We're land locked on one side due to the military installation and water locked on the other side. All our traffic happens on just a few connecting roads and will never be able to expanded due to military land. If Eglin were to close we would have a HUGE BOOM in development. Currently we have a height restriction due to airplanes flying over the gulf....we need business here! With the oil pouring into the gulf we've totally lost tourist revenue this areas promoted for so long. I hope one day (but I doubt it) the military will leave this area.

August 17 2010 at 10:22 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to davefromfwb1's comment

the military contributes tons of money to "business"--as for aircraft--what do you expect? there is so much land around there, just move and where do you want the military to move to? like that wouldn't cost anything??

August 23 2010 at 10:36 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply


February 17 2015 at 7:44 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

everyone thought Portsmouth, NH was going to dry up and blow away when they closed Pease Airforce Base. you should have heard the caterwauling. but now, there are more private sector jobs there than there were government jobs. whew!

August 17 2010 at 9:21 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

So sad seems we have seen base closings, after the new commissary, BX or housing was just built. Yes, it was a big waste and I see it in all areas of the government. I think this article didn't really tell much about the impact of most of the base closing had on these areas.

August 17 2010 at 9:11 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Mopar Jim

My career in the military changed because of BRAC base closures.. You almost wish we had a Cold War again to keep these bases around.. I recall a 600 ship US Navy under Ronald Reagan. Closing the bases is not the answer to helping the economy. Electing an Liberal idiot, doesn't help either..

August 17 2010 at 6:42 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Although I am glad that the area "recovered" it was an unnecessary closure and waster of govt. and taxpayer money. Right up until the time of closure, existing contracts and new buildings were finished only to be worthless or reused for something else. New schools and buildings had to be rebuilt anyway in other parts of the country to accommodate the moving troops ask me I was there closing bases to "save" money is one more thing that has added to this economy's problems--need better solutions

August 17 2010 at 11:43 AM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply