Bill Gross, the $747 billion bond man, declares the death of equities
Feb 26th 2009 10:00AM
Updated Dec 4th 2009 10:35AM
Stocks are dead for the rest of your life. That's the gist of my exclusive interview with the head of PIMCO Total Return -- the biggest bond fund you've never heard of. But you should know PIMCO because its chief, Bill Gross, is one of the world's most powerful bond investors.
Last September it looked like he was "helping" the U.S. government by advising it to put Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into conservatorship. While this wiped out stockholders, Gross's Fannie/Freddie bonds were boosted by the U.S.'s decision. In addition to running a $747 billion asset management firm, Gross's PIMCO advises the U.S. on its $251 billion commercial paper program and its $500 billion fund to buy mortgage-backed securities. Gross shared his economic outlook with me yesterday in an exclusive interview -- and he's not optimistic.
I've never met Gross so it came as a complete shock when I received an e-mail from him yesterday morning. I was quoted in the latest issue of Fortune suggesting that he might be too powerful for the U.S.'s good. How so? Because he's such a big buyer of government debt -- which it's selling in huge quantities to finance various bailouts -- that he could use his leverage to threaten to walk away unless the U.S. sells to PIMCO at a favorable price.
On Monday I gave a TV interview in which I suggested that the U.S. might consider avoiding this potential problem by giving PIMCO's advisory contracts to another firm that does not have the potential conflict between buying U.S. debt and advising the government.
Gross saw the interview and e-mailed me. I replied by telling him that I had some questions about PIMCO and his views on economic prospects. I found his answers informative and insightful and he agreed to let me post on his economic outlook which is very grim for those who believe that stocks outperform bonds. In Gross's view, the current economic contraction is killing the animal spirits that drive risk taking and that's contributing to the death of equity capitalism as we've come to know it.
As Gross told me, "things will never be the same. Risk taking has been destroyed and any animal spirits must come from Washington. Global growth rates -- low, low, low -- asset classes will be readjusted for that outlook. That is -- stocks will be more of a subordinated income vehicle as opposed to a 'stocks for the long run' growth vehicle."
This argument is great for bond fund managers such as Gross since it would tend to drive people out of stocks and into bonds. But his point about stocks as a subordinated income vehicle is interesting. If I understand him correctly, he views stocks as the bottom of the liquidation hierarchy -- meaning that if a firm files for bankruptcy, all the other stakeholders -- such as bondholders, lenders, and preferred stock holders -- get their money before the common shareholders see a dime.
This is why so many common shareholders are getting wiped out. And in Gross's view, growth prospects are so dim that there is no point in owning stocks since common stock investors will not benefit when there's no economic growth. Moreover, they'll be last in line for any dividends that might be available.
Meanwhile, Gross has an interesting analysis of how we got into this mess. He attributes it to too much borrowing, weak regulation and greed. He also thinks that the U.S. is going to have to come up with as much as $5 trillion to fill the capital hole in the banking system.
As Gross said, "The cause of the current situation was too much leverage leading to over consumption which was facilitated by lax regulation and good ol' fashioned greed. Human nature will never change but our institutions will. Not sure policymakers understand what needs to be done -- there still is a $4 trillion to $5 trillion capital hole that needs to be filled but politics may inhibit necessary action. Bernanke and Co. get it though and have more freedom and flexibility -- they are independent -- for now."
These are sobering thoughts from one of America's most powerful financial minds. My hunch is that over the medium- to long-run, we'll revive capitalism through venture-backed technology innovation. But I am not sure how soon that will happen. Meanwhile, what do you think of Gross's comments? Do they make you want to sell stocks?
Peter Cohan is president of Peter S. Cohan & Associates. He also teaches management at Babson College. His eighth book is You Can't Order Change: Lessons from Jim McNerney's Turnaround at Boeing. He has no financial interest in the securities mentioned.