If you own U.S. Savings Bonds, you might stick the certificates aside and not think about them at tax season, but you better pull them out and check if you need to report any income.
One of the biggest advantages about the interest earned by a savings bond is that it is not subject to any state or local tax. A second advantage is that a person can choose to defer reporting the interest earned for federal taxes until the bonds are redeemed. This is the most common way savings bond investors deal with the interest earned and that's fine, until you get to the bond's final maturity (the date that the bond stops earning interest).
Unfortunately, there is a rule that most savings bond investors don't know about: Once a savings bond reaches its final maturity, the interest accumulated over the entire life of the bond MUST be reported on that year's tax return. This rule, stated in IRS Publication 550, applies whether savings bond owners decide to cash-in or hold their bonds after final maturity.
If you didn't know this rule, you're not alone. Most investors are unaware of this rule and are unintentionally violating IRS statutes by not reporting the interest at the proper time. This violation is considered the same as under-reporting earned income on your federal income tax return and could become quite a problem if its not properly reported. It is estimated that there are millions of savings bond owners who are not aware of this rule and could be placing themselves in line for a red flag if the problem is caught by an IRS auditor.
How can you prevent yourself from being audited for not having properly reported your savings bond interest? Follow these steps:
- Don't make the mistakes other savings bond investors are making! Find out when your bonds stop earning interest or use a reporting tool that shows you exactly when this will happen
- If your bond stopped earning interest less than 3 years ago, you can amend your federal tax return to add the interest earned and you'll not be penalized
- If your bond stopped earning interest more than 3 years ago, you should report the interest earned in the year you cash the bond, and the sooner the better. The longer you wait to cash them the longer they're not earning interest and the larger the possibility of penalty you may receive
The following is a table of final maturity dates for U.S. Savings Bonds:
- Series "E" bonds - purchased BEFORE December 1, 1965 - 40 years from date of issue
- Series "E" bonds - purchased AFTER November 30, 1965 - 30 years from date of issue
- Series "EE" bonds - 30 years from date of issue - all EE bonds are still earning interest
- Series "I" bonds - 30 years from date of issue - all I bonds are still earning interest
- Savings Notes - 30 years from date of issue - All Savings Notes have stopped earning interest
- Series "H/HH" bonds, the government will advise you when these bonds stop earning interest
The issue date for every bond is printed on the face near the top-right corner as a month and year. If you still own any series "E" bonds you should check out their various issue dates to be certain that those bonds are still earning interest. If they have stopped earning interest, you should report the interest income on your federal income tax return.
You can find out how much interest your bonds have earned by visiting the internet and clicking on one of the various web sites you will find out there.
Jack Quinn is a personal finance writer and editor for SavingsBonds.com. Jack has helped Savings Bond owners better understand their investments for more than 15 years.